Loading…
Esther becomes queen
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The wife of male ruler, a female coruler, or sovereign ruler in some ancient Near Eastern societies.Female rulers share a place with their male counterparts in ancient Israel’s history:• The Queen of Sheba visits Solomon and tests his fame and wisdom (1 Kgs 10:1–10).• One of the pharaohs gives the sister of his wife, Tahpenes, in marriage to Hadad, an adversary of Solomon (1 Kgs 11:19).• A queen bedecked in gold stands beside a king in the wedding song of Psa 45.• The Persian king Ahasuerus removes Vashti as his queen. Esther steps into her role, only to face his possible wrath to save her people.• The queen of the Babylonian king Belshazzar recognizes the wisdom of Daniel and advises the king to call upon him (Dan 5:10–12).• The wife of the Persian king Artaxerxes appears beside him when Nehemiah serves him wine (Neh 2:6).• King Lemuel of Massa recites the teachings of his mother in Prov 31:1–9 (see Bronner, Stories of Biblical Mothers, 51–52).Texts from ancient Israel refer to only foreign female rulers or Israelite women in a foreign court as queens (Brenner, The Israelite Woman, 17). Athaliah is the only female to rule in ancient Israel as a sovereign—but does so illegitimately (2 Kgs 11). Outside of the influence of diplomatic marriages, royal women in Israel were most powerful in matters of succession and as the mother of the king, who is listed consistently for the kings of Judah (1 Kgs 1; 15:2; 2 Kgs 22:1; 24:8; 2 Chr 11:21–22; Ezek 19:1).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Queen, Ancient near Eastern
Queen, Ancient near Eastern The wife of male ruler, a female coruler, or sovereign ruler in some ancient Near Eastern societies.Female rulers share a place with their male counterparts in ancient Israel’s history:• The Queen of Sheba visits Solomon and tests his fame and wisdom (1 Kgs 10:1–10).• One
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Queen
QUEEN. The English word “queen” is used to translate three Hebrew words in the OT: malkâ, šēgal, and gĕbı̂râ. The term malkâ, the feminine form of melek (king), describes foreign queen regnants and consorts, e.g., the queens of Sheba (1 Kgs 10:1ff. = 2 Chr 9:1ff.) and of Persia (Vashti—Esth 1:9;
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Queen, Queen Mother
Queen, Queen Mother. Word used to describe a reigning monarch, a queen consort, or a queen mother. The Queen of Sheba became the epitome of wealth at the time of her visit to the luxurious court of King Solomon (1 Kgs 10:1; Mt 12:42; Lk 11:31) when she arrived with a large retinue, and camels bearing
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
King’s Mother
King’s MotherThe queen mother had a very important position at the courts of the kings of Israel. Her authority may have reflected the influence of the ancient Egyptian matriarchate. Examples are: Bathsheba (1 K. 2:19); Maacah (15:13); Athaliah (2 Ch. 22:2); and Nehushta (2 K. 24:8; Jer. 13:18). See
Queen
Queen [Heb. malkâ, geḇîrâ (1 K. 11:19), šēg̱āl (Neh. 2:6; Ps. 45:9 [MT 10]), śārâ (Isa. 49:23); Aram malkâ (Dnl. 5:10); Gk. basílissa]; NEB also PRINCESS. Either a woman who reigns by her own power, or the consort of a king.The OT uses Heb. malkâ (fem. of meleḵ, “king”) only once in reference
Queen Mother
Queen Mother [Heb. geḇîrâ]; AV QUEEN. The mother of the ruling king. The title geḇîrâ (lit “great lady”) designated an official position in the court. Although in 1 K. 11:19 the title is applied to Tahpenes the wife of Pharaoh, in Judah it is never used of the king’s wife. Generally it was the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Queen
QUEEN Word used to describe a reigning monarch, a queen consort, or a queen mother. The queen of Sheba became the epitome of wealth at the time of her visit to the luxurious court of King Solomon (1 Kgs 10:1; Mt 12:42; Lk 11:31), when she arrived with a large retinue and camels bearing gold, jewels,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Queen
queen1 A woman sovereign. Israel and Judah, unlike other nations around them, did not have any legitimate female sovereigns during the period of the monarchy. At one point, however Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel of Israel, and wife of King Jehoram of Judah, seized control of the throne upon
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Queen
QUEEN. The term is used in the Bible to translate four or five Heb. and Gr. terms and has a number of applications.1. The queen mother or dowager queen (gbı̂râ). As a rule the queen mother was much more powerful and influential than the king’s wives. Polygamy naturally lessened the influence of the
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Queen
QUEEN (Heb. malkâ, Gk. basilissa). The word ‘queen’ is not widely used in the Bible. It is used to describe women from countries outside Palestine who were reigning monarchs in their own right. Examples of this are the queen of *Sheba (1 Ki. 10:1; cf. Mt. 12:42; Lk. 11:31), and *Candace, queen of *Ethiopia
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Queen
QueenA king’s wife, mother, or a ruler in her own right. Five foreign queens are mentioned in the Bible: the queen of Sheba (1 Kgs. 10), Taphenes of Egypt (11:19–20), Vashti of Persia (Esth. 1), Esther of Persia (Esth. 2–10), and Candace of Ethiopia (Acts 8:27). Of these, only those of Sheba and Ethiopia
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Queen
Queen (Heb. malkâ, šēg̱al; Gk. basílissa).* Although kings in the ancient Near East, including those of Israel and Judah, almost always had more than one wife and a number of concubines, it was normal for every royal harem to have one woman with a leading role, the “queen,” who would be the
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Queen
QUEEN The title of queen does not appear frequently in Scripture. Hebrew has several words that translate as “queen.” The word malkâ, the feminine form of melek (king), most commonly serves to designate foreign queens and consorts such as the queens of Sheba (1 Kgs 10:1; 2 Chr 9:1) and Persia (Esth 1:9).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Queen
Queen. This title is properly applied to the queen-mother, since in an Oriental household it is not the wife but the mother of the master who exercises the highest authority. Strange as such an arrangement at first sight appears, it is one of the inevitable results of polygamy. An illustration of the
Key passages
Es 2:5–18

There was a Jew in the citadel of Susa whose name was Mordecai son of Jair, son of Shimei, son of Kish, a Benjaminite, who was deported from Jerusalem with the exiles who were deported with Jeconiah the king of Judah, whom King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had deported. He was raising …

See also