Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Jewish religious group of the Second Temple Period that emerged and flourished in Palestine from the second century bc to the first century ad. The Essenes are often connected with the Jewish sectarian community known from the Dead Sea Scrolls.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ESSENES. A Jewish sect which is known to have flourished from the mid-2d century b.c.e. to the time of the First Jewish Revolt against Rome (66–70 c.e.). They are described by a number of Greek and Latin authors, of whom the most important are the Jewish writers Philo and Josephus and the Roman Pliny
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Essenes. Jewish sect or community in Palestine in the last century bc and the 1st century ad
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Essenes (es´eenz), a sect of Judaism from the middle of the second century bce until the war with Rome in 66–70 ce. They are described by the first-century ce authors Josephus and Philo and mentioned by some non-Jewish writers. They are usually identified with the inhabitants of Qumran who wrote the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ESSENES. For Judaism in the Roman period there were two alternatives to the issue of devout religious commitment: “party” life of the Pharisees and “sect” life of the Essenes. A party consists of people who join forces and efforts to make an impact upon society through reform. The purpose of the Pharisaic
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ESSENES. The name given in classical sources to a major Jewish sect which existed in Judaea at least from the middle of The 2nd century bc until the Jewish revolt in ad 66–70.The etymology of the name (Gk. Essēnoi, Essaioi; Lat. Esseni) remains a puzzle. Of the numerous proposals, the three with the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Essenes (Gk. Essaios, Essēnos)A movement within Judaism, known primarily in the late Second Temple period, especially from ca. 146 b.c.e. to ca. 70 c.e. They were a communal association, entered by initiation, and considered themselves the predestined remnant of those who truly observed God’s will.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Essenes [ĕsˊenz] (Gk. Essēnoi, Essaioi).† An important Jewish sect which flourished in Palestine from the time of the Maccabean revolt (second century B.C.) through the Roman destruction of Jerusalem (A.D. 70). First attested in the writings of Philo of Alexandria, Flavius Josephus, Pliny the Elder,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ESSENES A religious Jewish sect that flourished from around the middle of the second century b.c. to the second half of the first century a.d. Although they are not mentioned in the New Testament, they were discussed by several Greek and Latin authors, including the Jewish writers Philo and Josephus,
Dictionary of New Testament Background
ESSENESThe Essenes were an ancient Jewish sect existing from the second century b.c. to the end of the first century a.d. Various Greek and Latin writers, most notably Philo, Josephus and Pliny, describe the group. Since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls at Qumran in 1947, most scholars have regarded