The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Esdris (Ἐσδρις, Esdris). A Jewish leader during the Second Temple period (2 Macc 12:36).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Esdris (Person)
ESDRIS (PERSON) [Gk Esdris (Ἐσδρις)]. A Jewish commander in 2 Macc 12:36. Esdris is a shortened form of the Heb Azariah. Abel noted that the Eleazar (Gk Eleazaros) of 2 Macc 8:23 is also a form of the Heb Azariah as is the variant reading Ezra (ArmLaBMPVg), which he prefers. Abel thinks this Esdris
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Esdris ezʹdris, esʹdris [Gk. Esdris]; AV GORGIAS; NEB ESDRIAS. A leader of the troops of Gorgias, “put to flight” by Judas Maccabeus (2 Macc. 12:36). He is mentioned in the best texts and adopted in the RSV for “Gorgias” of the AV.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ESDRIS Mentioned in 2 Maccabees 12:36 as an army officer under Judas Maccabeus. Some Greek texts and the kjv read Gorgias, which may be either a place or a person.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ESDRIS<ez’-dris>, <es’-dris> ([ Έ̓σδρις, Esdris]): A leader mentioned in 2 Macc 12:36 in best texts and adopted in the Revised Version (British and American) for Gorgias of the King James Version. Grotius conjectured “men of Ephron” from 12:27.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Esdris ez’dris (Εσδρις, Gk. form of Heb. עֶזְרָאH6474, “help”). An army officer at the time of Judas Maccabee (2 Macc. 12:36; KJV, “Gorgias,” reflecting a lxx textual variant). All that is said about him is that he and his men became fatigued after fighting for a long time. However, some scholars suggest
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
ESDRIS, ez′dris, es′dris (Ἔσδρις, Ésdris): A leader mentioned in 2 Macc 12:36 in best texts and adopted in RV for Gorgias of AV. Grotius conjectured “men of Ephron” from ver 27.
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Esdris [ez-dris]: a leader of Gorgias’s troops in the battle against Judas Maccabeus (2 Macc. 12:36)
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ESDRIS ez´dris [Ἔσδρις Esdris]. A Jewish division leader in the battle against Gorgias mentioned in 2 Macc 12:36.
See also