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Esau
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Esau, Son of Isaac
Esau, Son of Isaac (עֵשָׂו‎, esau). Elder twin of Jacob and son of Isaac. Lived around 2000 bc. Ancestor of the Edomites. Famous for losing his birthright and blessing to Jacob. A section of Genesis is devoted to his descendants (Gen 36).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Esau (Person)
ESAU (PERSON) [Heb ʿēśāw (עֵשָׂו)]. Son of Jacob and eponymous ancestor of the Edomites (Gen 25:25; 36).A. EtymologyThe etymology of the name Esau has not yet been clarified (cf. Nabatean: ʿsw; Thamudic/Safaitic: ʿys [?]; Minaean: ʿysw [?]). Uncertainty concerning the meaning of the name Esau is
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Esau
Esau. Isaac’s son, and the older twin brother of Jacob (Gn 25:24–26), who was given this name because of the hair on his body at birth. The reddish color of the baby together with the color appearing in the episode of the lentil soup (Gn 25:30) led to the use of the term Edom, or “red.” The Edomites
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Esau
Esau ēʹsô [Heb. ʿēśāw; Gk. Ēsau]. A son of Isaac and Rebekah, the older twin brother of Jacob (Gen. 25:24–26; 27:1, 32, 42). Esau’s name (“hirsute”) was given because of the presence of hair on his body at birth (25:25), and also because of his reddish appearance at delivery, from which his other
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Esau
ESAU Isaac’s son, and the older twin brother of Jacob (Gn 25:24–26), who was given this name because of the hair on his body at birth. The reddish color of the baby, together with the color appearing in the episode of the lentil soup (v 30), led to the use of the term Edom, or “red.” The Edomites claimed
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Esau
Esau (ee´saw), the older son of Isaac and Rebekah (Gen. 25–36). At his birth, Esau was unusually red and hairy in appearance, descriptions that involve puns on his legacy. Esau eventually settled in Seir (related to the Hebrew word for “hair”) and his descendants were said to live in Edom (from the Hebrew
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Esau
ESAU. The son of Isaac and Rebekah, the elder twin brother of Jacob (Gen 25:24–26; 27:1, 32, 42; 1 Chr 1:34), is the traditional ancestor of the Edomites (cf. Gen 36; Mal 1:2–3}).The theory of the derivation of the word “Esau” is connected with the hairy covering on his body at birth: “The first came
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Esau
ESAU. Esau was the elder of Isaac’s twin sons (Gn. 25:21–26). His relations with Jacob his brother are the subject of the well-known stories in Gn. 25:27–34; 27:1ff.; 32:3–12; 33:1–16. Esau was his father’s favourite son, and it was Isaac’s intention to impart to him the blessing that was the eldest
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Esau
Esau (Heb. ʿēkāw)The oldest son of Isaac and Rebekah and twin brother of Jacob (Gen. 25:24–25; 1 Chr. 1:34). The etymology of Esau’s name is unclear. His description as reddish in appearance (Heb. ʾaḏmônɩ̂, Gen. 25:25; cf. hāʾāḏōm, v. 30) is etymologically related not to the name Esau but to
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Esau
Esau [ēˊsô] (Heb. ˓ēśāw; Gk. Ēsau).† The firstborn son of Isaac and Rebekah, and the older twin brother of Jacob. He came to be regarded as the eponymous ancestor of the Edomites.
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Esau
ESAU עשׂוI. Esau, twin brother of →Jacob is known as the eponym of the bĕnê ʿēsāw (Gen 25:19–34; 36:1–43) and the father of →Edom (Gen 36:9, 43; Akk Udumu; Ug udm (?); Eg idm; Gk Idoumaia). His name, sometimes connected to Ar âṯa, ‘to be hairy’ (Gen 25:25), is more likely explained as a hypocoristicon
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Esau
ESAU The twin brother of Jacob and the oldest son of Isaac and Rebecca (Gen 25:25). Esau struggled with his brother even in the womb for the right of being the firstborn. Esau was the first to be born, but he would lose the rights of the firstborn to his brother, Jacob. Esau was a hunter, whereas his
See also
Relatives
Isaac Father
Ishmael Father-In-Law
Anah Father-In-Law
Elon Father-In-Law
Beeri Father-In-Law
Rebekah Mother
Jacob Brother
Basemath Wife
Adah Wife
Oholibamah Wife
Mahalath Wife
Judith Wife
Eliphaz Son
Korah Son
Jeush Son
Jalam Son
Reuel Son
Timna Daughter-In-Law
Abraham Grandfather
Joseph Nephew
Judah Nephew
Reuben Nephew
Benjamin Nephew
Rachel Cousin
Levi Nephew
Sarah Grandmother
Laban Uncle
Gad Nephew
Simeon Nephew
Asher Nephew
Zebulun Nephew
Issachar Nephew
Naphtali Niece
Dan Nephew
Ishmael Uncle
Leah Cousin
Dinah Niece
Bethuel Grandfather
Basemath Cousin
Zerah Grandson
Midian Uncle
Amalek Grandson
Shammah Grandson
Mahalath Cousin
Jacob’s Son Nephew
Nahath Grandson
Shuah Uncle
Jokshan Uncle
Zimran Uncle
Kenaz Grandson
Medan Uncle
Timna Grandson
Korah Grandson
Ishbak Uncle
Dedan Cousin
Hadad Cousin
Gatam Grandson
Wife of Bethuel Grandmother
Teman Grandson
Mizzah Grandson
Mishma Cousin
Mibsam Cousin
Nebaioth Cousin
Kedar Cousin
Dumah Cousin
Tema Cousin
Massa Cousin
Ephah Cousin
Epher Cousin
Jetur Cousin
Naphish Cousin
Zepho Grandson
Sheba Cousin
Adbeel Cousin
Kedemah Cousin
Omar Grandson
Enoch Cousin
Abida Cousin
Eldaah Cousin
Roles
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