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Epistle of Barnabas
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An allegorical exhortation of Scripture that claims to explain and justify the cessation of several Jewish practices in light of the work and words of Christ. Letter of Barnabas concludes with an exhortation of the “Two Ways” (the way of light and the way of darkness). Barnabas is grouped with the writings of the Apostolic Fathers, due its usage by early church fathers and early date, although it may be pseudepigraphal.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Barnabas, Letter of
Barnabas, Letter of An allegorical exhortation of Scripture that claims to explain and justify the cessation of several Jewish practices in light of the work and words of Christ. Letter of Barnabas concludes with an exhortation of the “Two Ways” (the way of light and the way of darkness). Barnabas is
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Barnabas, Epistle of
BARNABAS, EPISTLE OF. An early Christian writing, the significance of which lies not so much in its later influence as in what it preserves of earlier traditions, both Jewish and Christian. The anonymous Christian teacher who wrote Barnabas passed on traditional instruction regarding “spiritual” understandings
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Barnabas, Epistle Of
Barnabas, Epistle ofAn anonymous Christian writing from 70–135 c.e., with some epistolary features but better understood as a homily. It was included in some NT texts (Sinaiticus), presumably because of Barnabas’ stature as an apostle.A Syrian-Palestinian provenance is increasingly suggested, based
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Barnabas, Epistle of (Writing)
Barnabas, Epistle of. One of the writings of the Apostolic Fathers, written ca. A.D. 130. Though Clement and Origen ascribed this work to Barnabas, Paul’s coworker (most likely because they shared the epistle’s allegorical method of explaining Scripture), and considered it canonical, Eusebius and Jerome
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Barnabas, Epistle of (Writing)
Barnabas, Epistle ofAn anonymous late first- or early second-century Christian writing that seeks to show by means of an allegorical interpretation of Scripture that Christians are the true heirs of God’s covenant. 1. Form and Structure 2. Central Concerns 3. The Interpretation of Scripture 4. Author,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Barnabas, Epistle of
Barnabas, Epistle of. An epistle of early Christian times ascribed by *Clement of Alexandria to the Apostle *Barnabas. Its Greek text was first discovered entire in the *Codex Sinaiticus. It contains a strong attack on Judaism, explaining animal sacrifices, the distinctive enactments of the Mosaic Law,
The Westminster Dictionary of Theologians
Barnabas, Epistle Of
Barnabas, Epistle of (2nd century). The erroneously titled Epistle of Barnabas is one of the oldest and most enigmatic writings of Christianity. Its anonymous author combines an apocalyptic fervor with the allegorical hermeneutics of ⇒Philo of Alexandria. The first to speak of Barnabas as its author
A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, Volumes I–IV
Barnabas, Epistle Of
BARNABAS, EPISTLE OF. It is impossible, in the limited space at our command, to enter upon all the important and interesting questions connected with this Epistle. We proceed, therefore, at once to what will be readily acknowledged to be the most important, that of its
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Barnabas, Epistle of (Writing)
Barnabas, Epistle of. An anonymous writing of the early church, in the form of a general exhortation to Christian “sons and daughters” (Barn. 1.1). The name Barnabas does not appear in the text itself (only in the title and the subscription). This work is included among the Apostolic Fathers.
A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs: A Reference Guide to More than 700 Topics Discussed by the Early Church Fathers
Barnabas, Epistle Of
BARNABAS, EPISTLE OFThe Epistle of Barnabas is an early Christian writing, possibly written prior to A.D. 100. The work itself is anonymous. On the belief that it was written by the Barnabas of Acts, some persons in the early church viewed it as Scripture. However, most churches apparently did not include
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity
Barnabas, Epistle Of
BARNABAS, Epistle of. Included among the so-called Apostolic Fathers, a theological treatise in highly conventional epistolary form, limited to general initial and final greetings (but with no title), though with frequent appeals to interlocutors in the course of the argument. Barnabas can be divided
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BARNABAS, EPISTLE OF
BARNABAS, EPISTLE OF. The Epistle of Barnabas is an anonymous Christian writing of the late 1st or early 2nd cent. that offers an unsparing critique of the Jewish people and warns its audience against becoming like “those people.” Chapters 1–16 are dominated by anti-Jewish polemic, while chaps. 17–21