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Epilepsy
Epileptic • Lunatic • Lunatic(k) • Lunatick • Lunatics • Seizures
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Epilepsy
Epilepsy. Disease of the central nervous system characterized by unconsciousness and convulsions. Seizures can be either “petit mal” (twitching of the face or hands, brief but sharp abdominal pain, and possible momentary unconsciousness) or “grand mal” (convulsions, foaming at the mouth, and unconsciousness
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Epilepsy
Epilepsy The Greek term in Mt. 4:24 and 17:15 (the only two occurrences of “epileptic” in the RSV) is the verb (part in 4:24) selēniázomai, which literally means to be moon-struck. The AV renders “lunatick,” a literal translation, in both cases. The Greek term reflects a widespread ancient belief
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Epilepsy, Epileptic
EPILEPSY*, EPILEPTIC Disease of the central nervous system, and one afflicted with the disease, characterized by unconsciousness and convulsions. Seizures can be either petit mal (twitching of the face or hands, brief but sharp abdominal pain, and possible momentary unconsciousness) or grand mal (convulsions,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Epilepsy
EpilepsyAccording to some modern medical researchers, a disorder characterized by the repeated occurrence of seizures in the absence of an acute precipitating systemic or brain insult. Some scholars see the earliest historical references to epilepsy in descriptions (from as early as the 2nd millennium
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Epilepsy
Epilepsy (Gk. selēniázomai). A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by convulsive attacks and impaired consciousness. Matthew records that Jesus healed many epileptics in Galilee (Matt. 4:24), including a boy whom the disciples had failed to heal (17:14–20). The KJV renders the
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Lunatics
Lunatics (from the Latin Luna, the moon, because insane persons, especially those who had lucid intervals, were once supposed to be affected by the changes of the moon). This word is used twice in the New Testament—Matt. 4:24; 17:15. (Translated epileptic in the Revised Version.) It is evident that the
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Lunatic
Lunaticprobably the same as epileptic, the symptoms of which disease were supposed to be more aggravated as the moon increased. In Matt. 4:24 “lunatics” are distinguished from demoniacs. In 17:15 the name “lunatic” is applied to one who is declared to have been possessed. (See DAEMONIAC.)
Compton’s Encyclopedia
epilepsy
epilepsyEpilepsy is a medical disorder that affects the brain, causing sudden and recurring seizures. A seizure is a disturbance in brain function caused when nerve cells in the brain suddenly send too many signals, or electrical impulses. Normally, nerve cells communicate with other cells by releasing
Epilepsy
EpilepsyEpilepsy is a brain disorder in which nerve signals “fire” abnormally and cause convulsive seizures, or alternating muscle contractions and relaxations. Scar tissue in the brain can provoke some seizures. In many cases, however, doctors cannot pinpoint the reason for an epileptic attack. Some
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Epilepsy
Ep′ilepsy was called by the Romans the Comitial or Congress sickness (morbus comitia′lis), because the polling for the comitia centuria′ta was null and void if any voter was seized with epilepsy while the votes were being taken.
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Lunatic
Luʹna-tic [one who is moon-struck]. The word is used twice in the New Testament (Matt. 4:24; 17:15). It evidently refers to some disease affecting both the body and the mind, which might or might not be a sign of possession. By the description of Mark (9:17–26) it has been thought that the disease was
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