The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Epicureanism (᾿Επικουρεινων, ᾿Epikoureinōn). A philosophy that took its name from the Samian philosopher Epicurus (341–270 bc). Its central tenet was that pleasure was life’s greatest good and goal.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
EPICUREANISM. A philosophical movement founded by Epicurus (341–270 b.c.). Born at Samos, Epicurus established a school of philosophy called “the Garden” (Gk kepos) in Athens after he settled there in 307–306 b.c. Only a few of his many writings have survived. We have three complete letters: Letter to
Dictionary of New Testament Background
EPICUREANISMEpicureanism refers to the system of moral and natural philosophy that was founded by Epicurus in the late fourth century b.c. Epicurus promoted pleasure and friendship as ideal values and encouraged withdrawal from civic activities. His philosophy spawned close-knit communities of followers,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Epicureanism. The system of philosophical ethics founded by the Greek thinker Epicurus (342–270 bc). Epicurus held that the senses, as the one and only source of all our ideas, provided the sole criterion of all truth. On this basis he reasserted the materialistic atomism of Democritus and denied immortality.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
EpicureanismFreedom from pain in the body and from trouble in the mind is the goal of a happy life. This was the teaching of the Greek philosopher Epicurus, who lived from 341 to 270 bc. To many people Epicureanism has often meant a simple devotion to pleasure, comfort, and high living with little thought
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Epicure′an. Carnal; sensual; pertaining to good eating and drinking. (See Epicuros.)T. Moore has a prose romance entitled The Epicurean.“Epicurean cooksSharpen with cloyless sauce his appetite.”Shakespeare: Antony and Cleopatra, ii. 1.
Pocket Dictionary of Church History: Over 300 Terms Clearly and Concisely Defined
Epicureanism. A popular philosophy that originated in Athens, Greece, Epicureanism was rooted in the teaching of Epicurus (342–270 b.c.). Drawing upon the atomic theory of Democritus, Epicurus taught that the random confluence of atoms raining down upon the earth resulted in all matter and was the ground
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
Epicurus, Epicurean Ethics
Epicurus, Epicurean ethics. An ancient Greek philosopher; the ethical system deriving from his school of thought. Epicurus (341–270 b.c.) taught that all knowledge rises from the senses and that the study of *ethics was the highest human occupation. From the ancient Greek thinkers Democritus and Aristippus,
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
EPICUREANISM (Ĕp ĭ cū rēʹ ăn ĭsm) School of philosophy which emerged in Athens about 300 b.c. The school of thought was founded by Epicurus who was born in 341 b.c. on the Greek island of Samos. Epicurus founded his school (The Garden) in Athens. Around him he gathered his students and refined
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Epicureanism. Epicurus (341–270 BC) established a school in ancient Athens that became famous for its ethical teachings. Reality was understood to be composed of indivisible, qualitatively similar atoms of matter eternally “falling” in empty space. To account for human agency in a mechanistically material
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
EPICURUS, EPICUREANISM ep´uh-kyoor´uhs, ep´uh-kyoo-ree´uhn-iz-uhm [Ἐπίκουρος Epikouros]. Epicurus was a Greek philosopher from Samos (b. 341 bce; d. 270 bce), and the philosophy of life he introduced bears his name as Epicureanism. He received some of his training as a youth in Athens, and later, after