Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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EPHER (PERSON) [Heb ʿeper (עֶפֶר)]. Three eponymous ancestors of tribes or clans in the OT. As a personal name, Epher can be interpreted as a phonetic variant of Heb ʿōper, Ar ǵufr and ǵafr “kid of a gazelle” (or ibex). For the Midianite tribe (see #1), Sabaic ʿfr “agricultural land awaiting rain”
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary