Loading…
Enlil
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
(also Bel Enlil, Ellil). Mesopotamian god of the earth who also had power over the sky; husband of the grain goddess Ninlil, and supreme deity during the second millennium bc. Sometimes Enlil is called Bel Enlil, indicating lordship. In some Babylonian myths, Enlil’s name appears as “Ellil.”Enlil’s sanctuary—called Ekur, “Mountain House” (“The Song of the Hoe,” lines 35–41)—was located at Nippur in northern Sumer. A “small shrine” of Enlil, built by King Amar-Suen (Third Dynasty of Ur), was discovered at Nippur in the late 19th century ad (Zettler, “The ‘Small Shrine’ of Enlil at Nippur,” 231–32).Enlil generally is depicted as apathetic or hostile toward humanity in mythological texts. He receives a more positive treatment in certain royal hymns due to his association with kingship. In both the Enuma Elish and the Code of Hammurabi, Enlil acknowledges Marduk as his successor, appointing him “Lord,” (Bel).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Enlil
Enlil (also Bel Enlil, Ellil). Mesopotamian god of the earth who also had power over the sky; husband of the grain goddess Ninlil, and supreme deity during the second millennium bc. Sometimes Enlil is called Bel Enlil, indicating lordship. In some Babylonian myths, Enlil’s name appears as “Ellil.”Enlil’s
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Enlil (Deity)
ENLIL (DEITY). The principal god of the Sumerians, attested as early as 2500 b.c., in the cuneiform tablets from Fara near Nippur (Sum en.líl). His principal cult center was at Nippur, the Sumerian religious and cultural capital. His great temple there, called the Ekur, was considered to be the assembly
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Enlil
Enlil (en´lil; Akkadian, “Lord Wind”), an ancient and important god of Mesopotamia. Though not mentioned in the Bible, he does figure in Mesopotamian accounts of the creation of humankind and human order that are often referred to by biblical scholars (the Atrahasis epic; the Gilgamesh epic). He was
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Enlil
Enlil (Sum. ENLIL)The Sumerian god of the atmosphere and the wind, worshipped at Nippur. The principal god of the Sumerian pantheon, he was later identified with Marduk.See Bel.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Enlil
Enlil [ĕnˊlĭl].The Sumerian god of the atmosphere and the wind, worshipped at Nippur. He was later identified with Marduk. see Bel.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Enlil
EnlilEnlil (en-lilʹ; Akkadian, ‘Lord Wind’), an ancient and important god of Mesopotamia. He was associated with agriculture and was the god of the wind, of the destructive storm and the beneficent breeze of spring. Enlil was the creator of the primitive farming tool, the hoe, and his wife Ninlil was
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Enlil
Enlil en’lil. Also Ellil. One of the gods worshiped in Mesopotamia. Especially revered in Sumer, he was referred to as Father Enlil, the Great Mountain (see ANET, 573–76, for these and other epithets). He was said to be the son of An, the consort of Ninlil, and the father of various other gods, such
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ENLIL
ENLIL en´lil. Means “Lord Wind.” Enlil was a Sumerian storm god, and the city god of Nippur, a very important religious center in northwestern Sumer. Enlil’s importance accompanied that of his city. By the third millennium bce, Enlil possessed the supreme executive power in the Sumerian pantheon under