ILLUMINATIONA theological term used to express the manner in which the Holy Spirit makes clear to man the Word of God, whether preached or in written form. Without an illumination of the Holy Scriptures, no man can understand God’s divine, infallible revelation because spiritual things are only spiritually
Enlightenment, the. Though the term originated as a translation of the German *Aufklärung, it is now applied more generally to the movement of ideas which characterized much of 18th-cent. Europe. In many ways it was a continuation of the scientific spirit of the previous age, esp. of the thought of
ENLIGHTENED (from Gk. photizō, to “give light”). A term meaning imbued with a saving knowledge of the gospel, and so applied to Christians (Heb. 6:4; 10:32). In the early Christian church it was used to denote the baptized.
Enlightenment. The period of modern history known as the Enlightenment began in the late seventeenth century and dominated the eighteenth and much of the nineteenth centuries in Europe. It was rooted in Dutch and German rationalism, particularly Benedict Spinoza’s rationalistic and antisupernatural work,
EnlightenmentThe European intellectual and social history known as the Enlightenment covers roughly a period from the English Revolution of 1688 to the French Revolution in 1789. It was principally an eighteenth-century movement, and in practice it can be further broken down into three sub-periods.
ENLIGHTEN<en-lit’-’-n>:1. [אוֹר, ’or], “illumination” in every sense, used in the ordinary sense of giving natural light (Psalm 97:4 the King James Version; see also Ezra 9:8) or as a sign of health and vigor (1 Samuel 14:27, 29). “His eyes were enlightened,” literally, “became bright.”
ILLUMINATION<i-lu-mi-na’-shun>: Heb 10:32 the King James Version, only, “the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated (the Revised Version (British and American) “enlightened”), ye endured a great fight of afflictions.” The verb is [φωτίζω, photizo], rendered in 6:4 by “enlightened”
EnlightenmentThe main goal of the wide-ranging intellectual movement called the Enlightenment was to understand the natural world and humankind’s place in it solely on the basis of reason. The movement claimed the allegiance of a majority of thinkers in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries, a period
Enlightenment, TheThe classic definition of the Enlightenment came from I. Kant (1724–1804) in an essay of 1784 specifically in answer to the question “What is the Enlightenment?” (“Der Frage, Was ist Aufklärung?”) in the Berlin Monthly. He answered: “Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-incurred
EnlightenmentThe title given to the development of thought in Europe and America in the late 17th and 18th centuries. Essentially, the Enlightenment was the expression of modern man’s attempt to break free from the rule of dogma based on divine revelation and to exercise his own reason with complete
IlluminationEnlightenment. Theologically, illumination is used in two ways. First, it describes the work of the Holy Spirit in regeneration whereby He enlightens “our minds in the knowledge of Christ” (Shorter Catechism, Q. 31).Second, it is used of a false theory of inspiration as a mere intensification
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
enlighten. This English verb is used relatively few times in the Bible (similar expressions include “bring/give light,” “shine,” et al.; cf. Job 33:30; Ps. 19:8). Of special significance is the use of the Greek verb phōtizōG5894. Writing to the church in Ephesus, Paul says, “I pray also that the eyes
EnlightenmentWhile the concept of enlightenment was widespread in eighteenth-century Europe, the notion of a more or less unitary secular Enlightenment that ushered in modern intellectual culture was created only retrospectively and finds little support in recent historiography. A relatively small cadre