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Engraving
Grave • Graving • Graving Tool • Incising
Dictionaries
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Engraving, Incising
engraving, incising, the practice of impressing deeply in metal, clay tablets, or stone with an iron tool or stylus. The Bible mentions an engraver who did work for the temple (2 Chron. 2:7), one Huramabi by name (2 Chron. 2:13–14), though it also prohibits the making of graven “images” (Exod. 20:4).
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Graving
Graving(1.) Heb. hatsabh. Job 19:24, rendered “graven,” but generally means hewn stone or wood, in quarry or forest.(2.) Heb. harush. Jer. 17:1, rendered “graven,” and indicates generally artistic work in metal, wood, and stone, effected by fine instruments.(3.) Heb. haqaq. Ezek. 4:1, engraving a
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Graving, Engraving, Incising
Graving, Engraving, Incisinggraving, engraving, incising, the practice of impressing deeply in metal, clay tablets, or stone with an iron tool or stylus. The ot mentions an engraver who did work for the Temple (2 Chron. 2:7), one Huramabi by name (2 Chron. 2:13–14), but the ot also contains a prohibition
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Engraving
En-gravʹing. The only notices of the art in Scripture are in connection with the high priest’s dress, the two onyx stones, the twelve jewels and the mitre-plate having inscriptions on them (Ex. 28:11, 21, 36). The art was widely spread throughout the nations of antiquity, particularly among the Egyptians.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Graving Tool
GRAVING TOOL Sharp implement used to finish shaping the rough form of a statue cast from a mold (Exod. 32:4) or used for engraving tablets with writing (Jer. 17:1).
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Engraving
engraving. The art of cutting letters or designs into a hard surface, such as metal, stone, and wood. This English term usually renders the Hebrew verb pātaḥ H7338 (piel stem). The names of the tribes of Israel were engraved on two onyx stones fastened to the high priest’s ephod (Exod. 28:9–11; 39:6–7;
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ENGRAVING
ENGRAVING [פָּתַחpathakh; γραφή graphē]. Incising an image or lettering onto a hard surface such as metal, wood, stone, or precious stone. The stone was fixed in position and the image first etched before the actual incising was done. Various tools were used, including handheld or bow drills that used
GRAVING TOOL
GRAVING TOOL [חֶרֶטkheret]. 1. Aaron uses this scoring or cutting instrument on gold to form the representation of a calf (Exod 32:4 NRSV, alternate reading).2. A stylus in one possible rendering of Isa 8:1: Yahweh gives the instruction to inscribe a clay tablet “with a stylus of ordinary men.”NATHAN
Key passages
Ex 39:30

And they made the rosette of the holy diadem of pure gold, and they wrote on it with the writing of seal engravings: “A holy object for Yahweh.”

Eze 4:1

“Now, son of man, take for yourself a brick, and you must put it before you, and you must portray on it a city, Jerusalem.

Sir 38:27

So, too, is every craftsperson and master craftsperson, who goes along by night as by day; those who carve engravings of seals, and his patience to making different embroidery; he gives his heart over to making a painting realistic and his sleeplessness to completing the task.