The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ENCRATISM. The advocacy of a harsh discipline of the body, especially in regard to sexual activity, diet, and the use of alcoholic beverages. The word is derived from the Greek enkrateia, which has a basic meaning of “self-control.” While the term had some significance in Greek philosophical usage and
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Encratites. A title applied to several groups of early Christians who carried their ascetic practice and doctrine to extremes which were in most cases considered heretical. They are referred to by *Irenaeus, *Clement of Alexandria, and *Hippolytus, who respectively call them ἐγκρατεῖς, ἐγκρατηταί,
A Catholic Dictionary
encratitæ (ἐγκρατεῖς, ἐγκρατῖται). A Gnostic sect founded by Tatian in the latter part of the second century. Tatian was by birth an Assyrian, taught rhetoric at Rome and became a Christian under the influence of Justin Martyr. After Justin’s death his exaggerated theories on the evil inherent in
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Encratites.—Heretics of the second century, who are said by Theodoret to have been followers of Tatian, a disciple of Justin Martyr. Called thus, because they abstained from wine and meats and used only water for the Holy Eucharist.
The Westminster Dictionary of Theologians
Encratites (2nd century). Movement of extreme ascetic tendencies, which prohibited sex and in some cases limited drink to water and food to vegetables. Several of the ancient Christian writers refer to this movement, especially ⇒Tatian, ⇒Clement of Alexandria, ⇒Irenaeus, and ⇒Epiphanius. Apparently the
A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, Volumes I–IV
ENCRATITES (Ἐγκρατεῖς, Irenaeus; Ἐγκρατηταί, Clem. Alex.; Ἐγκρατῖται, Hippol.), heretics who abstained from flesh, from wine, and from the marriage bed, not temporarily, as in the earliest ages of the church, with a view to more intense devotion, but permanently, and from a belief in the essential
EREMITAE, given by Macarius Magnes (Apocrit. iii. 43, p. 151) as another name for Encratites.[G. S.]
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Encratitess en’kruh-tits. Derived from the Greek word for “self-control” (enkrateia G1602), this term is applied to Christians in the early church who adopted an extreme form of asceticism. The earliest description we have comes from Irenaeus (Haer. 1.28; see ANF, 1:353):Springing from Saturninus and
A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs: A Reference Guide to More than 700 Topics Discussed by the Early Church Fathers
ENCRATITESThe Encratites were a heretical sect known for their ascetic practices.The Encratites have sprung from Saturninus and Marcion. They preach against marriage. They have thereby set aside the original creation of God. So they indirectly blame Him, for He made the male and female for the propagation
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Encratites. A group that practiced ascetic life, including permanent abstinence from eating meat, drinking wine, and marriage. They appeared first in the second century. The early church viewed such permanent abstinence as wrong because it denigrated God’s creation. While it cannot be decisively proved
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity
ENCRATISM (from ἐγκράτεια = continence) meant a form of extreme asceticism, which quickly appeared suspect to the early church since it implied a rejection of the goods created by God for the use and service of humanity (1 Tim 4:1–5). This ascetic tendency, which rejected marriage and the consumption
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ENCRATISM. A categorization derived from Greek enkrateia (ἐγκράτεια; self-control). The label Encratites (Lat. Continentes) was borne by a 2nd-cent. group with gnostic leanings characterized by an asceticism that included abstention from marriage/procreation and eating meat (Irenaeus, Haer. 1.28.1;