Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Emerald. Rich green variety of beryl, regarded as a precious stone.See Minerals, Metals, and Precious Stones.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
EMERALD Rich green variety of beryl, regarded as a precious stone. See Stones, Precious.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
EmeraldThe modern emerald was unknown in the ancient Near East until it began to be mined in Upper Egypt in the last two centuries b.c.e. Some translations use “emerald” when the Hebrew suggests a prized, green-colored stone. Some translations read “emerald” for bāreqeṯ (LXX smáragdos), an engraved
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Emerald. A brilliantly green beryl, a rare gem mined at Zabara in Upper Egypt, notably during the reign of Cleopatra. The Hebrew words generally translated emerald more likely refer to the green feldspar: nōp̱eḵ—the first stone in the second row of precious stones on the breastpiece of the high priest
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Emerald, a precious stone of a rich green color, upon which its value chiefly depends. This gem was the first in the second row on the breastplate of the high priest. Ex. 28:18; 39:11. It was imported to Tyre from Syria, Ezek. 27:16; was used as a seal or signet, Ecclus. 32:6, as an ornament of clothing
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
EmeraldHeb. nophek (Ex. 28:18; 39:11); i.e., the “glowing stone”, probably the carbuncle, a precious stone in the breastplate of the high priest. It is mentioned (Rev. 21:19) as one of the foundations of the New Jerusalem. The name given to this stone in the New Testament Greek is smaragdos, which means
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Emʹer-ald, a precious stone of a brilliant green color (Ex. 28:18; Rev. 21:19). It was the first in the second row on the breastplate of the high priest. The rainbow round the throne (Rev. 4:3) is compared to an emerald.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
emerald. A rich and yellow-green to deep-green variety of beryl, a beryllium aluminum silicate. It is one of the most valuable of all gem stones and owes its beauty to its color and transparency (Rev. 4:3, smaragdinos G5039; 21:19, smaragdos G5040; the NIV uses “emerald” also to render Heb. yāhălōm
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
EMERALD [בָּרֶקֶתbareqeth; σμάραγδος smaragdos]. The third stone in the first row on the high priest’s breastpiece (Exod 28:17; 39:10); the last stone in the Eden adornment of the king of Tyre (Ezek 28:13). The Hebrew term is related to the flashing of lightning. God’s throne (Rev 4:3) has a rainbow