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Eliphaz (friend of Job)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz the Temanite
Eliphaz the Temanite (אֱלִיפַז‎, eliphaz). One of Job’s friends who debates with Job three times and is among those Yahweh condemns at the end of the book of Job (Job 2:11; 4:1; 15:1; 22:1; 42:7, 9). “Temanite” indicates that he was from Teman.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz (Person)
ELIPHAZ (PERSON) [Heb ʾelı̂pāz (אֶלִיפָז)]. Two persons in the OT bear this name. The interpretation of this name (cf. Safaitic ʾlypz) is uncertain. The construals “God/El is agile/nimble” (from *pzz; Meyer 1906: 347) and “My God is gold” (Heb paz, “gold”) are improbable. A derivation from Hurrian (Ginsberg
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Eliphaz
Eliphaz. 1. Oldest son of Esau and his wife Adah (Gn 36:4–16; 1 Chr 1:35, 36). He was the ancestor of a number of Edomite clans.2. One of Job’s friends, called the Temanite (see Jer. 49:7). Teman was traditionally associated with wisdom; hence Eliphaz’s speech depicts the orthodox view of sin and punishment.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Eliphaz (friend of Job)
2. One of Job’s three friends, who came to “condole” and “comfort” him (Job 2:11). He is always given the precedence (cf. esp Job 42:7), probably because of both his character and his age. He came from Teman, doubtless in Edom. Though he is evidently a rich chief, he is presented, like his friends, primarily
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz
ELIPHAZ1. Oldest son of Esau and his wife Adah (Gn 36:4–16; 1 Chr 1:35–36). He was the ancestor of a number of Edomite clans.2. One of Job’s friends, called the Temanite (see Jer 49:7). Teman was traditionally associated with wisdom; hence Eliphaz’s speech depicts the orthodox view of sin and punishment.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Eliphaz
Eliphaz (el´i-faz, Heb., possibly “El [God] is fine gold”).1 The eldest son of Esau and ancestor of several Edomite family groups, including Teman (Gen. 36:15–16).2 The first and presumably oldest of Job’s three friends (Job 2:11; 4:1; 15:1; 22:1; 42:7, 9). Eliphaz’s designation, the Temanite, suggests
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Eliphaz
ELIPHAZ1. The eldest son of Esau who had a son named Teman (Gen 36:9–11), from whom the Edomite area took its name. Some have concluded that this was the Eliphaz (see 2) of Job’s acquaintance.2. The first and most prominent of the three friends of Job who came from great distances to comfort him when
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Eliphaz
Eliphaz (Heb. ʾĕlɩ̂p̱az)“The Temanite,” one of Job’s three friends (Job 2:11). The name Eliphaz is well-attested as an Edomite name (Gen. 36:10, 11; cf. 1 Chr. 1:35, 36, where an Eliphaz is listed as the son of Esau and the father of Teman) and means, possibly, “God is fine gold.” Teman was located
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz
Eliphaz [ĕlˊə făz] (Heb. ˒elîp̱az, possibly “God is fine gold” or “God is victorious”).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz
ELIPHAZ (Hebrew, possibly, “God is victor” or “God is gold”)1. The firstborn son of Esau, and the father of Theman (Gen 36:12; 1 Chr 1:36).2. The oldest of the three friends of Job (Job 2:11; 22:1; 42:7, 9). A native of Teman in Edom, he became one of the chief antagonists in Job, delivering three
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz
El´iphaz (God is his strength).1. The son of Esau and Adah, and the father of Teman. Gen. 36:4; 1 Chron. 1:35, 36.2. The chief of the “three friends” of Job. He is called “the Temanite”; hence it is naturally inferred that he was a descendant of Teman. On him falls the main burden of the argument,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz
ELI´PHAZ (elʹīʹfaz; “God of gold,” or “God is fine gold”).1. A son of Esau by Adah, his first wife, and father of several Edomite tribes (Gen. 36:4, 10–11, 16; 1 Chron. 1:35–36).2. One of the three friends who came to console Job in his affliction. They had agreed to meet together for this purpose,