Eliphaz (friend of Job)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
One of Job’s friends who debates with Job three times and is among those Yahweh condemns at the end of the book of Job (Job 2:11; 4:1; 15:1; 22:1; 42:7, 9). “Temanite” indicates that he was from Teman.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ELIPHAZ (PERSON) [Heb ʾelı̂pāz (אֶלִיפָז)]. Two persons in the OT bear this name. The interpretation of this name (cf. Safaitic ʾlypz) is uncertain. The construals “God/El is agile/nimble” (from *pzz; Meyer 1906: 347) and “My God is gold” (Heb paz, “gold”) are improbable. A derivation from Hurrian (Ginsberg
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Eliphaz. 1. Oldest son of Esau and his wife Adah (Gn 36:4–16; 1 Chr 1:35, 36). He was the ancestor of a number of Edomite clans.2. One of Job’s friends, called the Temanite (see Jer. 49:7). Teman was traditionally associated with wisdom; hence Eliphaz’s speech depicts the orthodox view of sin and punishment.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Eliphaz (friend of Job)
2. One of Job’s three friends, who came to “condole” and “comfort” him (Job 2:11). He is always given the precedence (cf. esp Job 42:7), probably because of both his character and his age. He came from Teman, doubtless in Edom. Though he is evidently a rich chief, he is presented, like his friends, primarily
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ELIPHAZ1. Oldest son of Esau and his wife Adah (Gn 36:4–16; 1 Chr 1:35–36). He was the ancestor of a number of Edomite clans.2. One of Job’s friends, called the Temanite (see Jer 49:7). Teman was traditionally associated with wisdom; hence Eliphaz’s speech depicts the orthodox view of sin and punishment.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Eliphaz (el´i-faz, Heb., possibly “El [God] is fine gold”).1 The eldest son of Esau and ancestor of several Edomite family groups, including Teman (Gen. 36:15–16).2 The first and presumably oldest of Job’s three friends (Job 2:11; 4:1; 15:1; 22:1; 42:7, 9). Eliphaz’s designation, the Temanite, suggests
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ELIPHAZ1. The eldest son of Esau who had a son named Teman (Gen 36:9–11), from whom the Edomite area took its name. Some have concluded that this was the Eliphaz (see 2) of Job’s acquaintance.2. The first and most prominent of the three friends of Job who came from great distances to comfort him when
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz [ĕlˊə făz] (Heb. ˒elîp̱az, possibly “God is fine gold” or “God is victorious”).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary