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Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The priest of Shiloh in 1 Sam 1:1–4:22. A judge of Israel for 40 years and the mentor of the prophet Samuel. Father of the corrupt priests Hophni and Phinehas.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ELI (PERSON) [Heb ʿēlı̂ (עֵלִי)]. The priest at Shiloh (1 Sam 1:9; 2:11) and a judge in Israel (4:18) before and during the days of Samuel’s youth. More precisely, Eli’s office was probably that of high priest, although he is not specifically given this title in the OT text. Eli’s two reprobate sons
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Eli. Priest in the sanctuary of the Lord at Shiloh in the period of the judges (1 Sm 1:3, 9). Shiloh, about 10 miles north of Jerusalem, was the central shrine of the Israelite tribal confederation. Eli had two sons who were priests, Hophni and Phinehas (which are Egyptian names; 1 Sm 1:3). No lineage
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Eli ēʹī [Heb. ʿēlî]; AV also HELI (2 Esd. 1:2). A descendant of Ithamar, the fourth son of Aaron, who exercised the office of high priest in Shiloh at the time of Samuel’s birth. For the first time in Israel, Eli combined in his own person the functions of high priest and judge, judging Israel for
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ELI Priest in the sanctuary of the Lord at Shiloh in the period of the judges (1 Sm 1:3, 9). Shiloh, about 10 miles (16 kilometers) north of Jerusalem, was the central shrine of the Israelite tribal confederation. Eli had two sons who were priests, Hophni and Phinehas (which are Egyptian names). No lineage
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Eli (ee´li; Heb., “El [God] is exalted”), a judge of Israel (1 Sam. 4:18) and priest in Shiloh, where the ark was located during the period of the judges. On observing Hannah praying silently for children, he first thought she was drunk, but then assured her that her prayer would be fulfilled (1:12–17).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ELI. The last judge of Israel’s Dark Ages. Eli’s dramatic life story is recorded in 1 Sam 1–4, the book named after his successor. He was the priest of the “house of the Lord” at ancient Shiloh (1 Sam 1:3, 7, 9) c. 20 miles N of Jerusalem, to whom the boy Samuel was brought to fulfill Hannah’s vow (1
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ELI. The story of Eli is told in 1 Sa. 1–4. He was ‘the priest’ in ‘the house of the Lord’ at Shiloh (1 Sa. 1:3, 7, 9). This ‘house’ must have been the inter-tribal sanctuary, incorporating the tabernacle (Jos. 18:1; Jdg. 18:31), with some additional structure; and here was the ark (1 Sa. 4:3). Eli’s
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Eli (Heb. ʿēlɩ̂)Priest of the Shiloh sanctuary just before the emergence of monarchy (1 Sam. 1–4). In that role he wears the ephod, pronounces oracles, burns incense, and supervises sacrifice. Eli is also named judge in Israel, credited with 40 years at his death (1 Sam. 4:18).Three related episodes
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ELI The priest at the sanctuary of Shiloh (1 Sam 1:9; 2:11) to whom Hannah entrusted her son Samuel after the consecration of her son to the service of the Lord (1 Sam 1–2). Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests of the Lord (1 Sam 1:3), but they had no regard for the Lord (2:12): they treated
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
E´li (ascension), a descendant of Aaron through Ithamar, the youngest of his two surviving sons. Lev. 10:1, 2, 12; comp. 1 Kings 2:27 with 2 Sam. 8:17; 1 Chron. 24:3. (b.c. 1214–1116.) He was the first of the line of Ithamar who held the office of high priest. The office remained in his family till Abiathar