Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A collection of Aramaic texts from the fifth century bc that demonstrates the existence of a Jewish military colony with a temple to Yahu on the island of Elephantine.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ELEPHANTINE PAPYRI. A group of papyrus documents and fragments written in Aramaic during the 5th century b.c.e. and discovered by chance finds and archaeological excavation during the 19th and 20th centuries. The papyri originate at or near Elephantine, a site in Upper Egypt.A. IntroductionB. Letters
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Elephantine Papyri el-ə-fan-tēʹnē pə-pīʹrī. A collection of fifth-century b.c. papyri recovered from a settlement on an island in the Nile in Upper Egypt opposite Aswân (about 885 km, 550 mi S of Cairo). The colony is known by the Greek name Elephantinē (“elephant location”), but the Egyptians
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ELEPHANTINE PAPYRI* Aramaic documents from the fifth century bc discovered at Elephantine, an island in the Nile River. At the time of the documents’ writing, Elephantine was a Persian military outpost, manned in part by a group of Jewish mercenaries with their families. The documents, numbering over
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ELEPHANTINE PAPYRI. A highly significant group of papyrus documents was discovered between 1893 and 1908 on the island of Elephantine, opposite the city of Aswan at the First Cataract of the Nile. These letters and records, dated in the 5th cen. B. C., were written in Aramaic, the lingua franca of that
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Elephantine (Gk. Elephantinê) PAPYRIA large number of papyrus documents and fragments, written in Aramaic during the 5th century b.c.e., discovered at Elephantine, an island in the Nile River opposite Aswan (biblical Syene) which became an asylum for Judean refugees after the Babylonian conquest of
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Elephantine Papyri [ĕlˊə făn tīˊnĭ pə pīˊrī]. A number of fifth-century B.C. Aramaic papyri discovered on an island in the Nile river opposite Aswan (biblical Syene), near the First Cataract. The name (Gk. Elephantinē “elephant location,” possibly because Nubian ivory was traded here) designates
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Elephantine Papyri. A collection of *Aramaic documents from the reigns of Xerxes, Artaxerxes I, and Darius II (485–404 bc), found in 1904–8 on the site of an ancient Jewish military colony which had settled at Elephantine in the far south of Upper Egypt some time before the conquest of Egypt by the
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ELEPHANTINE PAPYRI el´uh-fan-ti´nee. Collective designation of a group of Aramaic documents, on papyrus and other materials, dated mostly to the 5th cent. bce, from the Nile island of Elephantine (Upper Egypt), the seat of a military outpost of the Persian Empire, and other locations in EGYPT. The finds
The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media
Elephantine Papyri Opposite the city of Syene (modern Aswan), on the east bank of the Nile, lies the island of Elephantine. In the fifth century BCE, when Egypt was under Persian rule (Dynasty 27), an Aramaeo-Jewish Diaspora community lived on the island. This famous so-called ‘Jewish colony’ of Elephantine