Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A term that is used with various meanings (including “principles,” “elements,” and “elementary truths”) seven times in the New Testament: Gal 4:3, 9; Col 2:8, 20; Heb 5:12; 2 Pet 3:10, 12.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Element, Elemental Spirit
ELEMENT, ELEMENTAL SPIRIT [Gk stoicheion (στοιχειον); stoicheion tou kosmou (στοιχειον του κοσμου)]. In most of its uses, element denoted an elementary or fundamental principle in a subject or discipline. Thus, it could designate a letter of the alphabet, a part of speech, a geometrical proposition,
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Elemental Spirits, Elements
Elemental Spirits, Elements. Alternative translation of a Greek word used in the NT, “elemental spirits” being spiritual forces at work in the world, and “elements” being either the basic constituents of the physical world or of human life or the basic principles of a system of thought. In three passages
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Elemental Spirits, Elements
ELEMENTAL SPIRITS*, ELEMENTS Alternative translations of a Greek word used in the NT, “elemental spirits” being spiritual forces at work in the world, and “elements” being either the basic constituents of the physical world or of human life or the basic principles of a system of thought. In three passages
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Elemental SpiritsA term (Gk. stoicheɩ́a) meaning: (1) a series of letters or sounds; (2) basic constituent elements or guiding principles; (3) the stars as elemental heavenly bodies; or (4) angels, spirits, or elemental spirits. Paul appears to have either the second or fourth meanings in mind in Gal.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Elemental Spirits (Gk. stoicheía). A New Testament term usually understood to refer to the stars’ powers (NIV “basic principles”; JB “[elemental] principles”) over human beings or to angels who, as guardians of the law, seek to control human life (see JB note b at Gal. 4:3). According to H.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Elements, Elementary Spirits
ELEMENTS, ELEMENTARY SPIRITS Greek term (ta stoicheia) used in a number of ways in ancient sources and in the NT.First, “elements” could refer to the primary or elementary points of learning, especially for a religion or philosophy. This seems to have been the earliest meaning of the phrase and appears
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Elements, Elemental Spirit
elements, elemental spirit. These and similar English terms are used by the NRSV and other versions to render Greek stoicheion G5122 (in the NT always pl. stoicheia). The NIV uses “basic principles” or “principles” (Gal. 4:3, 9; Col. 2:8, 20; TNIV, “elemental spiritual forces”), but also “elements” (2
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ELEMENTS, ELEMENTAL SPIRIT [στοιχεῖα stoicheia]. In Aristotle (Metaph. 986): “that which is the primary component immanent in a thing which is indivisible into kinds different from itself.” Along with the concepts of “fundamental” and “power” (dynamis δύναμις) “primary component” was the key meaning
Topics & Themes