Elder in the OT;Elder
Elder in the OT [Heb. zāqēn—‘beard’; cf. Akk. ziqnu; Ugar. dqn; etc.]; AV also ANCIENT. An elderly person; also, an authority, or a person with judicial office. It is commonly accepted that the origin of this latter meaning is to be sought in the ancient patriarchal family institution of the Hebrews.