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Elders (Hellenistic Period)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Elder
Elder (זָקֵן‎, zaqen; πρεσβύτερος, presbyteros). An elderly person or a person with authority. In the New Testament, “elder” also refers to a leadership position in synagogues and churches.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Elder
Elder. Person who, by virtue of position in the family, clan, or tribe; or by reason of personality, prowess, stature, or influence; or through a process of appointment and ordination, exercised leadership and judicial functions in both religious and secular spheres in the ancient world, both among biblical
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Elder
ELDER Person who, by virtue of position in the family, clan, or tribe; or by reason of personality, prowess, stature, or influence; or through a process of appointment and ordination, exercised leadership and judicial functions in both religious and secular spheres in the ancient world, both among biblical
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Elders
elders, senior leaders of Israel, other nations or communities, or, in the nt, the church. Elders are referred to throughout the Hebrew Bible as performing tasks of local government and administering justice. Elders of Egypt are mentioned in Gen. 50:7 and, early in the book of Exodus, Moses is told to
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Elder
ELDER. In the OT Heb. zāqēn, lit., “one who is bearded,” designates a man of a certain official rank and position among his brethren. Among the Israelites they were two kinds of elders, the “elders of Israel” who were the heads of the families or clans in the various tribes, and the “elders” of the
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Elder
ELDER. In most civilizations authority has been vested in those who by reason of age or experience have been thought best qualified to rule. It is not surprising therefore that the leaders in many ancient communities have borne a title derived from a root meaning ‘old age’. In this respect the Heb. ‘elder’ (zāqēn)
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Elder
ElderA man of authority, originally an older man in the patriarchal family and social structure. Elders of Israel (Heb. zāqēn) are mentioned as early as Exod. 3:16, 18, and groups called “elders” serve a variety of functions in various contexts throughout the OT. Elders sometimes represent the whole
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Elders
ELDERS πρεσβύτεροιI. The noun presbyteros, usually meaning ‘older’, or in a technical sense ‘elder’ (Jewish) or ‘presbyter’ (Christian), occurs 12 times in Rev referring to beings in heaven. They are always identified as ‘the twenty-four elders’.II. Twenty-four elders appear for the first time in
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Elder
ElderOriginally the Hebrew zāqēn meant a “bearded one,” or older member of a family, and the term is used frequently in the Bible for those who are older in years. However, the term elder most frequently refers to the ruling head of the family or clan. In Jesus’ day these were predominantly the
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Elder
ELDER Also “ancient,” the term used for the recognized head or patriarch of a clan, family, or tribe. The elder was the main voice of authority in the tribe, and, over time, groups of elders came to speak for the Israelite people in a collective sense (cf. Exod 17:5; 18:12). Elders appear throughout
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
elder
elder. A Church officer in the *Presbyterian Church. Elders are of two kinds: (1) ‘Teaching elders’, whose function is pastoral; (2) ‘Ruling elders’, i.e. laymen often set apart by ordination who assist the pastor in the administration and government of the Church. Biblical support for the distinction
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