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Elam (nation)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An ancient Near Eastern kingdom located in Iran. A rival to the Mesopotamian kingdoms for over 2,000 years.The Elamite Empire influenced many great empires that shaped the biblical world. Over its long history, Elam interacted with the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, and the Assyrians. Under the Persians, Susa—one of Elam’s great cities—makes several biblical appearances.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Elam
Elam (עֵילַם‎, eilam). An ancient Near Eastern kingdom located in Iran. A rival to the Mesopotamian kingdoms for over 2,000 years.The Elamite Empire influenced many great empires that shaped the biblical world. Over its long history, Elam interacted with the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, and the
Susiana
Susiana In classical literature, this was the name for Elam in the first millennium bc. Susiana, however, is not synonymous with Elam and, in its early history, was a distinctly separate cultural and political entity.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Elam (Place)
ELAM (PLACE) [ʿêlam (עֵילַם)]. ELAMITES. The Elamites called their country Haltamti (or Hatamti), a word that means “the country (of the) lord,” from which is derived the Akkadian word Elamtu. The Sumerians designated this region by the ideogram nim, which means “high” or “raised.” This name is rendered
Elymais (Place)
ELYMAIS (PLACE) [Gk Elymais (Ἐλυμαις)]. Greek name for biblical Elam, the region or province between Babylonia and Persia, of which Susa was the chief city; today SW Iran (Khuzistan). The text tradition of 1 Macc 6:1 is quite confused (IDB 2:95). Although the majority of the readings suggest that Elymais
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Elam (Place)
Elam (Place). Occupying an area roughly the size of Denmark, Elam was located in southwest Asia, east of Babylonia and north of the Persian Gulf, on a plain known to the Iranians since the Middle Ages as Khuzistan. The region today corresponds to southwest Iran. Mountainous areas to the north and east,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Elymais
Elymais el-ə-māʹəs [Gk. Elymais]. Mentioned in 1 Macc. 6:1 as a “city” (Gk. pólis) in Persia “famed for its wealth.” No other reference to Elymais as a city occurs except in Josephus Ant. xii.9.1, which simply reflects the account in 1 Macc. 6:1; and even 1 Macc. 6:1 has variant textual readings.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Elam (Place), Elamites
ELAM (Place), ELAMITES Occupying an area roughly the size of Denmark, Elam was located in southwest Asia, east of Babylonia and north of the Persian Gulf, on a plain known to the Iranians since the Middle Ages as Khuzistan. The region today corresponds to southwest Iran. Mountainous areas to the north
Elymais
ELYMAIS Formerly thought to be a city in Persia, greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold (1 Macc 6:1), but now generally regarded as a district of Persia. Josephus (Antiquities 12.9.1), following 1 Maccabees, alludes to it as a city, but it is otherwise unknown.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Elam
Elam (ee´luhm), the region east of the Tigris River, in the Fars province of modern-day Iran. Sometimes the term “Elam” also refers to a state or nation located in this region; its capital was Anshan (Tal-i Malyan).In Ancient History: The region of Elam provided Mesopotamia with a rich source of raw
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Elam (Place)
ELAM (COUNTRY), ELAMITES. Elam was located in SW Asia on a plain E of Babylonia and N of the Persian Gulf, watered by the Karun and Kerka Rivers. It corresponded approximately to Khuzistan in modern Iran.Dating from the late 4th mil. b.c., the known history of the Elamites was one of constant strife
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Elamites
ELAM, ELAMITES. The ancient name for the plain of Khuzistan, watered by the Kerkh river, which joins the Tigris just N of the Persian Gulf. Civilization in this area is as old as, and closely connected with, the cultures of lower Mesopotamia. A local pictographic script appeared very soon after the invention
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Elam
Elam (Heb. ʿêlām) (PLACE)Name denoting both a region in highland Fars province (Iran) around the modern city of Shiraz, the ancient capital of which was Anshan (Tal-i Malyan), and a state, the size of which fluctuated throughout its history and at times incorporated modern Khuzistan, parts of Luristan,
Elymais
Elymais (Gk. Elymais)A province in the region between Persia and Babylonia, most likely the equivalent of Elam (cf. Dan. 8:2 LXX MSS) or Susiana, the capital of which was Susa (cf. Ptolemy Geog. 6.3; Strabo Geog. 15.732, 744). At 1 Macc. 6:1 it is called a city (Gk. pólis; cf. Josephus Ant. 12.9.1).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Elam (Place)
ELAM (Heb. ˓êlām; Elam. ḫaltamti “land of god”; Akk. elamtu, NIM “high land”) (PLACE).† A country in southwestern Iran, comprising the plain of Khuzistan and the adjacent Zagros mountains; at various points in its history the country also included territory to the northeast and southeast. Although
Elymais
Elymais [ĕlˊə māˊəs] (Gk. Elymais).* A province in the region between Persia and Babylonia, most likely the equivalent of Elam (cf. Dan. 8:2, VSS) or Susiana, the capital of which was Susa (cf. Ptolemy Geog. vi.3; Strabo Geog. xv.732, 744). At 1 Macc. 6:1 it is called a city (Gk. pólis;
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Elam
ELAM a) The biblical name of a hilly country, ‘Elamtu’ in Accadian, east of the River Tigris (Hiddekel) bordered by Assyria (Mesopotamia) and Madai on the north, the Persian Gulf on the south and Persia on the east and southeast. Its capital was Susa (Shushan). Most of our knowledge of it derives from
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Elam
ELAM1. The eldest of the five sons of Shem (Gen 10:22; 1 Chr 1:17).2. The territory that was settled by the descendants of Elam. Known also as Anshan, the country lay east of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and extended from Media to the Persian Gulf, with its center in the Zagros Mountains. The chief
Elymais
ELYMAIS A region in ancient Persia roughly equivalent to modern Khuzistān, in Iran (1 Macc 6:1; Tob 2:10). Susa was the chief city.