Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An Israelite name for God, translated “God Most High,” which stresses his strength, sovereignty, and supremacy (Gen 14:20; Psa 9:2).
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El Elyon el’el-yohn’ (אֵל H446, “God,” and עֶלְיוֹן H6610, “high, highest”). A name of God used especially in Genesis and the Psalms. When Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek, this is the name by which the latter worshiped God (Gen. 14:19–20). This priest, who was “like the Son of God” (Heb. 7:3), said
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
2. El Elyon
2. El ElyonThis specific formulation, meaning “El, the (Most) High,” occurs in Gen 14:18, 19, 20, 22 and Ps 78:35, but ʾel and ʿelyon appear together as parallel terms in Num 24:16; Pss 57:2 [Heb. 57:3]; 73:11; 107:11. The passage in Genesis 14 suggests that ʾel ʿelyon was the designation of pre-Israelite
a. Ê¾el Ê¿elyon
a. ʾel ʿelyon. Commonly translated “Most High God,” it may reflect the use of the name ʾel for the high god in Canaanite religion. The adjective with superlative force is derived from a noun meaning “height,” and may place stress on the incomparability of Yahweh in relation to other gods. Used primarily
EL ELYON el´el-yohn´ [אֵל עֶלְיוֹן ʾel ʿelyon]. Literally means “God, MOST HIGH” or “El, Most High.” This divine epithet is associated with pre-Israelite Jerusalem (Gen 14:18–20; Ps 78:35). Originally an epithet of El, the highest deity in the Semitic pantheon, the designation ʿelyon came to be associated