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Egyptians
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The people of Egypt. The ancient Egyptians lived mostly along the valley of the Nile River.The land of Egypt is traditionally divided into two regions: Lower Egypt, in the north, consisting mostly of the Nile Delta, and Upper Egypt, formed of the lands along the upper Nile Valley.The development of the Egyptian hieroglyphic writing system around 3000 bc provided a starting point for Egyptian history and Egyptian literature. Archaeological exploration of Egypt has revealed inscriptions inside pyramids of pharaohs from around 2350 bc, making them the earliest known Egyptian religious writings.For further details, see these articles: Egypt, Geography of; Egypt, History of; Egypt, Archaeology of; Egypt, Religion of; Hieroglyphs; Pyramid Texts; Egyptian Literature; Book of the Dead; Sinuhe, Tale of; Pharaoh; Nile River.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Egyptians
Egyptians (מִצְרִי‎, mitsriy, Αἰγύπτιος, Aigyptios). The people of Egypt. The ancient Egyptians lived mostly along the valley of the Nile River.The land of Egypt is traditionally divided into two regions: Lower Egypt, in the north, consisting mostly of the Nile Delta, and Upper Egypt, formed of the lands
Egypt, Son of Ham
Egypt, Son of Ham (מִצְרַ֫יִם‎, mitsrayim). Listed as a son of Ham in the Table of Nations (Gen 10:6, 13; compare 1 Chr 1:8, 11). He is the eponymous ancestor of the people and nation of Egypt, as is typical of people mentioned in the Table of Nations. Egypt is thus implied in Old Testament tradition
Mizraim
Mizraim (מִצְרַיִם‎, mitsrayim). Many English Bible translations render מִצְרַיִם‎ (mitsrayim) as “Egypt” in the Table of Nations (Gen 10:6, 13), understanding the term a reference to Egypt (e.g., LEB, NIV, ESV). Other English translations transliterate the term as “Mizraim” (e.g., NASB, NLT). Either way,
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Egypt (Person)
EGYPT (PERSON) [Heb miṣrayim (מִצְרַיִם)]. The second of four “sons” of Ham and the “father” of seven whose -îm endings suggest they are to be regarded as peoples (Gen 10:6, 13–14). Egypt appears as a personification of the land of Egypt in the Table of Nations.Richard S. Hess
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Mizraim
Mizraim. Hebrew word for the land of Egypt and/or its people, though some scholars suggest that Mizraim refers either to a site on the Edomite border or in northern Syria. In Genesis 10:6, Mizraim (Egypt) is identified as one of the sons of Ham who settled south of Canaan. Genesis 10:14 and Isaiah 11:11
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Mizraim
Mizraim mizʹrā-əm [Heb miṣrayim, a dual form perhaps referring to Upper and Lower Egypt; Gk Mesraim]. Except for the RSV (and Moff), the major English versions transliterate Heb miṣrayim when it is used for the son of Ham (Gen. 10:6; 1 Ch. 1:8). Egyptians are thus classified as Hamites. In Gen. 10:13;
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Egypt, Egyptian
EGYPT, EGYPTIAN Egypt figured significantly as a stage on which the biblical narrative was enacted. Here Abraham lived in time of famine. Joseph, his great-grandson, was sold into slavery in Egypt and rose to a position equivalent to that of prime minister. Through Joseph’s intercession, Jacob and the
Mizraim
MIZRAIM Hebrew word for the land of Egypt and/or its people, though some scholars suggest that Mizraim refers to a site either on the Edomite border or in northern Syria. In Genesis 10:6, Mizraim (Egypt) is identified as one of the sons of Ham who settled south of Canaan. Genesis 10:14 and Isaiah 11:11
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Mizraim
MIZRAIM. Mizraim (Heb. miṣrayim) is a name whose form and derivation are not certain. It is the common biblical designation for Egypt, and consequently the word usually is regarded as a dual, reflecting Egyptian expressions for the “Two Lands” of Egypt, Upper and Lower Egypt. Equivalent names for Egypt
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Mizraim
MIZRAIM. 1. Second son of Ham and progenitor of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Casluhim and Caphtorim (Gn. 10:6, 13; 1 Ch. 1:8, 11). See *Nations, Table Of, and individual articles.2. miṣrayim is also the regular Heb. (and common Semitic) term for Egypt. For details on this name, see *Egypt (Name).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Egyptian
Egyptian (LANGUAGE)A branch of the Afro-asiatic language group (also Hamito-Semitic). As with other Afro-asiatic languages (Semitic, Berber, Chushitic, Chadic, Omotic), Egyptian exhibits particular linguistic features, including bi- and tri-consonantal root structures that are inflected in various ways,
Mizraim
Mizraim (Heb. miṣrayim)The Hebrew word for Egypt (cf. Egyp. mṣrym), represented in the Table of Nations as descended from Ham (Gen. 10:6, 13; 1 Chr. 1:8, 11; NRSV “Egypt”).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Egyptian
Egyptian. †The language of the Nile valley; akin to the Semitic and Hamitic language families, it flourished in various stages from the third millennium B.C. through the thirteenth century A.D. It is characterized by triconsonantal roots, causative and reflexive verbal preformatives, occasional doubling
Mizraim
Mizraim [mĭzˊră əm] (Heb. miṣrayim; cf. Egyp. mṣrym). The Hebrew word for Egypt, the people of which are represented as descended from Ham (Gen. 10:6, 13; RSV “Egypt”). See Egypt I.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Mizra-im
Miz´ra-im, or Mizra´im (the two Egypts; red soil), the usual name of Egypt in the Old Testament, the dual of Mazor, which is less frequently employed. Mizraim first occurs in the account of the Hamites in Gen. 10. In the use of the name Mizraim for Egypt there can be no doubt that the dual indicates
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Mizraim
MIZ´RAIM (mizʹra-im; Heb. miṣrayim). In Gen. 10:6, 13–14 and 1 Chron. 1:8, 11–12, Mizraim is the second son of Ham and the father of “the people of Lud, Anam, Lehab, Naphtuh, Pathrus, Casluh, from which the Philistines came, and Caphtor.” But elsewhere miṣrayim is the standing name of Egypt, in which
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Mizraim
Mizraimthe dual form of matzor, meaning a “mound” or “fortress,” the name of a people descended from Ham (Gen. 10:6, 13; 1 Chr. 1:8, 11). It was the name generally given by the Hebrews to the land of Egypt (q.v.), and may denote the two Egypts, the Upper and the Lower. The modern Arabic name for Egypt