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Edom (Place)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Edom
Edom (אֱדוֹם‎, edom; “red”). A geographical region south of the Dead Sea; a kingdom depicted as a constant enemy of Israel.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Edom (Place)
EDOM (PLACE) [Heb ʾedôm (אֶדֹום)]. EDOMITE. A territory that in OT times was generally located S and E of the Dead Sea. The word “Edom” is derived from a Semitic root meaning “red,” “ruddy.” The name was thus probably given to the area because of the reddish color of the sandstone there. This entry
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Edom, Edomites
Edom, Edomites. Land and its inhabitants found on the high plateau to the south and southeast of the Dead Sea. The biblical term Edom, meaning “red,” denotes either the name of the land or the name of Esau, in remembrance of the red pottage for which he exchanged his birthright (Gn 25:30; 36:1, 8, 19).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Edom
Edom ēʹdəm; EDOMITES ēʹdəm-īts [Heb. ʾĕḏôm, ʾaḏōmîm; Gk. Edōm; Ugar. ʾudm; Akk. Udumu; Egyp ʾdm, Aduma].The country S of Moab and E and W of the Arabah, and its people. The name Edom is derived from the Semitic root meaning “red,” “ruddy”; it may have been given to the land because of the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Edom, Edomites
EDOM, EDOMITES Land and its inhabitants found on the high plateau to the south and southeast of the Dead Sea. The biblical term Edom, meaning “red,” denotes either the name of the land or the name of Esau, in remembrance of the red pottage or stew for which he exchanged his birthright (Gn 25:30; 36:1,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Edom
Edom (ee´duhm; Semitic, “red,” ruddy”).1 An alternative name for Esau (Gen. 36:1, 8) He was the brother of Jacob/Israel, and the elder of the twin sons of Isaac and Rebekah (25:19–26). The land of Edom (see 2) is identified as the region where his descendants lived. Thus, Esau/Edom is the ancestor of
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Edom
EDOM. The term Edom means red. It has three possible origins: the red sandstone cliffs of the country (there is evidence that the country may have been called ˒ĕdôm, or “red,” before Esau subjugated the Horites); Esau’s red hair at birth; or the red pottage which Esau took in exchange for his inheritance
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Edom
Edom (Heb. ʾĕḏôm)The name of a nation, a geographical region, and a person in OT times. Edom is derived from a root meaning “red.” The association of name with the place is usually explained by the reddish appearance of the rock and soil formations; with the person it is sometimes assumed that Edom
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Edom
Edom [ēˊdəm] (Heb. ˒eḏôm; Akk. Udumu; Egyp. Aduma).† A country neighboring on Israel, located south of Moab and east of the Arabah; its inhabitants were the Edomites (Heb. ˒aḏōmîm). The name is derived from the common Semitic root ˒dm “red, ruddy,” an apt description of the red sandstone
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Edom; Edomites
EDOM; EDOMITES The name of a country and a people to the east of the Arabah, bordered by Ammon on the north, the Dead Sea and the Arabah on the west and the desert on the south and east. In the early 4th millennium bc the land was inhabited by semi-nomadic peoples who practised primitive forms of agriculture.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Edom
EDOM, EDOMITES (Hebrew, “red” or “ruddy”) A territory stretching south and east of the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba; the Edomites are its inhabitants. They are described as the descendants of Esau, the elder brother of Jacob (Gen 25:30, 32:4, 36:1; 1 Chr 1:35). Archaeologists trace the origins of the
Key passages
Ge 32:2–3

And when he saw them, Jacob said, “This is the camp of God!” And he called the name of that place Mahanaim. Then Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother, to the land of Seir, the territory of Edom.

Ge 36:8

So Esau dwelled in the hill country of Seir (Esau, that is Edom).

Nu 20:14–21

From Kadesh Moses sent messengers to the king of Edom: “Thus your brother Israel has said, ‘You know all the hardship that has found us; our ancestors went down to Egypt, and we lived in Egypt a long time, and the Egyptians mistreated us and our ancestors. Then we cried to Yahweh, and …

2 Sa 8:13–14

So David made a name for himself when he returned from defeating Aram in the Valley of Salt, eighteen thousand. He put garrisons in Edom; all over Edom he put garrisons, and all of Edom became servants of David. Yahweh protected David wherever he went.