Edom (אֱדוֹם, edom; “red”). A geographical region south of the Dead Sea; a kingdom depicted as a constant enemy of Israel.
Idumea (Ἰδουμαια, Idoumaia). Also known as Idumaea. The Greek name for a territory located south of Judaea during the Second Temple period, in the same general area as the ancient land of Edom. Homeland of Herod the Great. Referenced once in the New Testament (Mark 3:8). Played an important role in the