Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A village in southern Judah, near Edom (Josh 15:21). Eder means “flock” and is only mentioned once in the Old Testament. A version of the LXX reads “Arad” instead of “Eder.” Arad was a well-known town in the eastern Negev, so it is possible that this is the best reading.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
EDER (PLACE) [Heb ʿēder (עֵדֶר)]. A settlement of the tribe of Judah. Eder is only mentioned once, in Josh 15:22, where it is listed among the settlements occupied by Judah in the aftermath of the Conquest. Though the present literary context of the Judean town list is set in the period of Joshua, its
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Eder (Place). 1. First camping place of Jacob between Ephrath (Bethlehem) and Hebron following Rachel’s death. The tower of Eder, meaning “the tower of the flock,” was perhaps a watchtower constructed for shepherds to guard their flocks (Gn 35:21, kjv Edar). It was located a short distance from Bethlehem.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Eder ēʹdər [Heb. ʾēḏer—‘flock’].One of the outlying cities of Judah in the Negeb near the border of Edom (Josh. 15:21). Identification with Khirbet el-ʿAdar 8 km (5 mi) S of Gaza has been suggested, but this is too far west. The biblical text would seem to indicate that the site is to be found E
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
EDER (Place)1. First camping place of Jacob between Ephrath (Bethlehem) and Hebron, following Rachel’s death. The tower of Eder, meaning “the tower of the flock,” was perhaps a watchtower constructed for shepherds to guard their flocks (Gn 35:21). It was located a short distance from Bethlehem.2. One
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Eder (ee´duhr; Heb., “flock” or “herd”).1 A Benjaminite ancestor of a family group (1 Chron. 8:15).2 A levitical leader in the family group of Merari (1 Chron. 25:23).3 A settlement in southern Judah near the border with Edom, probably in the vicinity of Beer-sheba (Josh. 15:21); the site is unknown.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Eder (Heb. ʿēḏer) (PLACE)1. A town in southern Judah near the border with Edom (Josh. 15:22). Identification of the site is unknown, but it has been associated with (or perhaps confused with) Arad (one LXX version of 15:22 reads Arad for Eder). However, the fact that Eder is listed together with Arad
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary