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Ebionites
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An early heretical sect that maintained an ascetic lifestyle and observed the Mosaic law, according to the viewpoints articulated later on by the early church fathers. Ebionites argued that God adopted Jesus at His baptism. Their name is a transliteration of the Hebrew word אֶבְיוֹנִ֣ים‎ (evyonim), meaning “the poor.” They composed their own gospel, which the early church fathers (in retrospect) deemed heretical (e.g., Irenaeus, Adversus Haereses 5.1.3; compare 3.21.3).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ebionites
Ebionites (Ἐβιωναῖοι, Ebiōnaioi). An early heretical sect that maintained an ascetic lifestyle and observed the Mosaic law, according to the viewpoints articulated later on by the early church fathers. Ebionites argued that God adopted Jesus at His baptism. Their name is a transliteration of the Hebrew
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ebionites
EBIONITES. An early Christian sect known for its observance of some form of the Jewish law. Its members were regarded as heretical by the Church Fathers. The earliest undisputed use of the term Ebionites (usually Ebiōnaioi in Gk, Ebionaei or Ebionitae in Lat) appeared in the 2d century in the Contra
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ebionites; Ebionism
Ebionites; Ebionism A Jewish-Christian heretical sect flourishing in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th cents a.d. I. Origin II. SourcesA. Gospel of the EbionitesB. Pseudo-Clementine Literature III. Theology IV. Ebionites and Qumrân
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ebionites
EbionitesName for Jewish Christians first witnessed in Irenaeus (Adv. Haer 1.26.2; Gk. ebionaioi) ca. 180 c.e. The word derives from Heb. ʾeḇyônɩ̂m and means “the poor.”The precise origin and referent of the name are uncertain. Parallel usage of the Hebrew in the Qumran writings renders it virtually
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ebionites
Ebionites [ēˊbĭ ə nīts] (Gk. Ebiōnaioi).† An ascetic Jewish-Christian sect which flourished in the second-fourth centuries A.D., subsequently judged heretical (cf. Irenaeus Adv. haer. i.26.2).Some scholars have traced the sect to an eponymous founder, Ebion, but the name probably derives
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Ebionites
EbionitesEbionites” is one of the names given by the early church fathers to a leading group of Jewish Christians or to Jewish Christians in general. The name, which originally meant “the poor,” may reflect NT usage (cf. Rom 15:26), but on this and other questions, such as the Ebionites’ differentiation
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Ebionites
Ebionites (Heb. אֶבְיוֹנִּים ‘poor men’). A sect of Jewish Christians which flourished in the early cents. of the Christian era. The several scattered sources from which our knowledge of them is derived cannot easily be harmonized and related. It seems clear, however, that the sect flourished esp. on
The Dictionary of Historical Theology
Ebionites
EbionitesThe Ebionites were an early Jewish-Christian sect, concentrated especially in Transjordan, Syria and Egypt. The name is a Graecized form of the Hebrew haʾ ebyonim, ‘the poor’, a title used by the Qumran community (1QM 11.9.13; 13.13f.; 1QH 5.22; 1QpHab 12.3. 6.10) and by some of the Jerusalem
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
EBIONISM; EBIONITES
EBIONISM; EBIONITES<e’-bi-o-niz’-m>, <e’-bio-nits> ([ Ἐβιωναι̂οι, Ebionaioi], from [אֶבְינִים‎, ’ebhyonim], “poor people”):GENERAL STATEMENT:The Ebionites were a sect of heretics frequently mentioned by the early Fathers. In regard to their opinions, as in regard to those of most early heretical
A Catholic Dictionary
Ebionites
ebionites. Judaising Christians, and the direct successors of the Judaisers whom St. Paul opposed so strenuously—e.g. in the Epistle to the Galatians. As a distinct sect the Ebionites seem to have made themselves first known in the reign of Trajan. Although they were connected by origin with the Church
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Ebionites
Eb′ionites (4 syl.). A religious sect of the first and second centuries, who maintained that Jesus Christ was merely an inspired messenger, the greatest of all prophets, but yet a man and a man only, without any existence before His birth in Bethlehem. (See above.)
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Ebionites
Ebionites.—Heretics in the early Church. The teaching of the Ebionites was an odd mixture of Christianity and Judaism. They accepted only the “Gospel of the Hebrews,” adhered to the Mosaic law, and condemned the Apostle St. Paul as an apostate from the Law. They, indeed, acknowledged Jesus Christ as