The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ebionites; Ebionism
Ebionites; Ebionism A Jewish-Christian heretical sect flourishing in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th cents a.d. I. Origin II. SourcesA. Gospel of the EbionitesB. Pseudo-Clementine Literature III. Theology IV. Ebionites and Qumrân
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
EBIONISM; EBIONITES<e’-bi-o-niz’-m>, <e’-bio-nits> ([ Ἐβιωναι̂οι, Ebionaioi], from [אֶבְינִים‎, ’ebhyonim], “poor people”):GENERAL STATEMENT:The Ebionites were a sect of heretics frequently mentioned by the early Fathers. In regard to their opinions, as in regard to those of most early heretical
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Eb′ionism. The doctrine that the poor only shall be saved. Ebion, plural ebionim (poor).“At the end of the second century the Ebionites were treated as heretics, and a pretended leader (Ebion) was invented by Tertullian lo explain the name.”—Renan: Life of Jesus, chap. xi.
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
EBIONISM.—It would be going beyond the scope of this Dictionary to enter with any fulness into a discussion of the obscure and elusive subject of Ebionism as it meets us in its varying forms in the history of the early Church. What immediately concerns us is its bearing upon certain questions connected
A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, Volumes I–IV
EBIONISM and EBIONITES. The name Ebionite first occurs in Irenaeus (circa a.d. 180–190; Adv. Haer. i. c. 22; [al. c. 26;] pp. 212–13, ed. Harvey). It was repeated, probably from him, by Hippolytus (circ. a.d. 225–235; Refutat. Omn. Haeres. vii. c. 34 [al. c. 22], ii. p. 406, ed. Duncker) and Origen (†
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Ebionism, Ebionites
EBIONISM, ēʹbi-ō̇-niz’m, EBIONITES, ēʹbi-ō̇-nīts (Ἐβιωναῖοι, Ebiōnaíoi, from אֶבְיֹנִים‎, ’ebhyō-nīm, “poor people”):General Statement I. Origin of the Name1. The Poor Ones2. Origin of the Name II. Authorities for the Opinions of the Ebionites1. Irenaeus, Tertullian and Hippolytus2. Origen
New Dictionary of Theology: Historical and Systematic
EBIONISMThe Ebionites were a Jewish-Christian *sect, first mentioned by Irenaeus, drawing its name from Hebrew (’ebyônîm; ‘the poor’) but later dropping the title when it became a term of abuse (poverty of spirit and faith). Tertullian and Hippolytus erroneously believed the title referred to the sect’s
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Topics & Themes