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Easter
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The word “Easter” does not appear in the Bible and an Easter celebration is not mentioned, though in Acts 12:4 KJV it is used in place of “Passover.” Some also suggest there are remnants of the concept of Easter in 1 Cor 5:7. Easter is a later development of church tradition.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Easter
Easter (פֶּסַח‎, pesach; פַּסְחָא‎, pascha'; πάσχα, pascha). The word “Easter” does not appear in the Bible and an Easter celebration is not mentioned, though in Acts 12:4 KJV it is used in place of “Passover.” Some also suggest there are remnants of the concept of Easter in 1 Cor 5:7. Easter is a later
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Easter
Easter (AV Acts 12:4). An anachronistic mistranslation of the Gk. páscha (RSV, NEB, “Passover”), in which the AV followed such earlier versions as Tyndale and Coverdale. The Acts passage refers to the seven-day Passover festival (including the Feast of Unleavened Bread). It is reasonably certain that
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Easter
EASTER. This word appears only once in the KJV (Acts 12:4). It is used there as a translation of the Gr. word pascha, which is translated correctly as “passover” in the 28 other places where it occurs in the NT. Revisions of the KJV consistently translate pascha as “passover” in all passages, including
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Easter
EASTER, a word used in the Germanic languages to denote the festival of the vernal equinox, and subsequently, with the coming of Christianity, to denote the anniversary of the resurrection of Christ (which in Gk. and Romance tongues is denoted by pascha, ‘Passover’, and its derivatives). Tyndale, Coverdale
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Easter
EasterAn ancient and important Christian festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Originally called Pascha due to its association with the Jewish Passover, Easter is preceded by the 40-day season of Lent, a time of penitence and preparation. The early Church used the Lenten season as a
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Easter
Easter. *Festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The name, which has been attested as early as the eighth century A.D., is believed to have derived from annual sacrifices in honor of Eostre, the Anglo-Saxon spring goddess. The Eastern church, following the practice of early Jewish Christians,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Easter
Easter. The Feast of the Resurrection of Christ, being the greatest and oldest feast of the Christian Church. Its importance is emphasized liturgically by the long preparation of *Lent and *Passiontide, by the special ceremonies of *Holy Week, and by the following *Paschaltide, marked in the W. Church
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Easter
Easter. Acts 12:4. In the earlier English versions Easter has been frequently used as the translation of pascha (passover). In the Authorized Version Passover was substituted in all passages but this; and in the new Revision Passover is used here. [Passover.]
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Easter
EASTER (Gk. pascha, from Heb. pesaḥ). The Passover (which see), and so translated in every passage except in the KJV: “intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people” (Acts 12:4). In the earlier English versions Easter had been frequently used as the translation of pascha. At the last revision
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Easter
Easteroriginally a Saxon word (Eostre), denoting a goddess of the Saxons, in honour of whom sacrifices were offered about the time of the Passover. Hence the name came to be given to the festival of the Resurrection of Christ, which occured at the time of the Passover. In the early English versions
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Easter
EasterEaster, the Christian festival that celebrates Jesus’ resurrection. The name ‘Easter’ derives from the Anglo-Saxon goddess of Spring (Eostre or Ostara), but the Christian festival developed from the Jewish Passover (Heb. pesech, Gk. pascha), because according to the Gospels the events of Jesus’
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Easter
EASTER — a feast or festival of the Christian church that commemorates the resurrection of Christ. It is celebrated on the first Sunday following the full moon that occurs on or after March 21—or one week later if the full moon falls on Sunday. In other words, Easter falls between March 22 and April
Key passages
Mt 12:40

For just as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish three days and three nights, so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.

Mt 28:1

Now after the Sabbath, at the dawning on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to view the tomb.

Ac 12:4

After he had arrested him, he also put him in prison, handing him over to four squads of soldiers to guard him, intending to bring him out for public trial after the Passover.

1 Co 15:3–8

For I passed on to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures, and that he was buried, and that he was raised up on the third day according to the scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve, then he appeared …