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East
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
East
East (קֵדֶם‎, qedem; ἀνατολή, anatolē). In the Old Testament, the east is often used as a reference point for where enemy nations or foreign people would come from (Judg 6:3, 33; 7:12; 8:10; compare Ezek 25:4, 10; Matt 2:1; 24:27; Rev 16:12). Figures of wisdom are sometimes associated with the east (e.g.,
East Country
East Country (מִזְרָח אֶרֶץ‎, mizrach erets). A region to which Abraham sent the sons of Keturah, his second wife (Gen 25:6; Zech 8:7).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
East
EAST. The primary direction for orientation for most of the ANE world. East was the direction of the rising sun, which served as one of the ways of describing the direction in biblical Hebrew. Likewise in Akkadian, the same phrase was often used to indicate east.In biblical Hebrew the word root qdm
East Country (Place)
EAST COUNTRY (PLACE) [Heb ʾereṣ qedem (אֶרֶץ קֶדֶם)]. Area to which Abraham sent the sons of his concubines (Gen 25:6). The phrase ʾereṣ qedem may be translated as either “the land of the east” or “the land of Kedem.” Elsewhere in the Bible qedem is used to refer to various regions within a wide expanse
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
East Country
East Country [Heb. ʾereṣ mizrāḥ]. Literally “country of the sunrise” over against the “country of the sunset” (Zec. 8:7). The two together form a poetical expression (merism) indicating the whole earth. Abraham sent the sons of his concubines to the east country (ʾereṣ qeḏem, Gen. 25:6), the area
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
East
east. In the Bible, terminology for “east” is derived chiefly from two sources. First, it is drawn from language associated with sunrise (Heb. mizrakh, “rising, shining,” Josh. 4:19; Gk. anatolē, Matt. 2:1). Second, it is drawn from derivatives of kdm, meaning “before” or “in front of” (Gen. 11:2; Ezek.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
East
EAST. Heb. qedem, lit., “front,” or “before”; and mizrāh, “the place of dawning”; Gr. anatolē, “the rising” of the sun).The Hebrews divided the world into four parts and described them as “corners of the earth” (Isa 11:12; Rev 7:1; 20:8), or as the “four winds” (Ezk 37:9). Like many Semitic peoples,
Fires
FIRES. In Isa 24:15 the KJV translates the Heb. ’urɩ̂m as “fires,” but it is translated “east” in ASV and RSV. It is from the Heb. word translated “urim” in Urim and Thummim and denotes a glow as from fire—hence the idea of east as a sunrise. Where the KJV translates “burn with fire” (Ezk 39:9–10), the
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
East
EAST. A bearing indicated in the OT by the phrase mizraḥ-šemeš, ‘rising of the sun’ (e.g. Nu. 21:11; Jdg. 11:18), or more frequently by mizrāḥ, ‘rising’, alone (e.g. Jos. 4:19), and once (Ps. 75:6) by môṣā’, ‘going forth’, alone. In the NT the same usage is found with anatolē, ‘rising’ (e.g.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
East
EastThe direction of primary orientation for the Hebrews (Heb. qeḏem). South thus was “right” or “the right hand” (têmān) and north was “left” or “the left hand” (kĕmōʾl). This eastward orientation was shared by several other Semitic peoples including the Akkadians and the Sumerians; the Egyptians,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
East
East. †The ancient Hebrews, who recognized four directions of the compass (e.g., Gen. 13:14, Heb. qēḏem; Ps. 107:3), identified the east with the rising of the sun (Exod. 27:13, “on the east, toward the sunrise”; Heb. mizrāḥ “place of sunrise”; so NIV; [RSV “on the front to the east”;
East Country
East Country (Heb. ˒ereṣ qeḏem). Most likely the desert region southeast of Palestine, where Abraham sent the sons of his concubines (Gen. 25:6). At Zech. 8:7 the expression ˒ereṣ mizraḥ (“land of the sunrise”) complements ˒ereṣ meḇô˒ (“land of the sunset”; RSV “west country”) to represent
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
East
East. The Hebrew term kedem properly means that which is before or in front of a person, and was applied to the east from the custom of turning in that direction when describing the points of the compass, before, behind, the right and the left representing respectively east, west, south, and north. Job
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
East
EAST. The direction toward the rising of the sun, denoted by the Heb. word mizrāḥ, “rising” (Josh. 11:3; Ps. 103:12; Zech. 8:7), used when the E is distinguished from the W or from some other quarter of the compass (Dan. 8:9; 11:44). Since the Hebrews faced the rising of the sun in telling direction,
Fires
FIRES (Heb. ˒ûr). In Isa. 24:15 (KJV) we read, “Glorify ye the Lord in the fires,” but which is better rendered “east,” as in the NASB and NIV. The lands of the Asiatic East were called ˒ūrı̂m, “the lands of light,” i.e., the sunrising, as opposed to the “west” (NASB and NIV; the KJV reads, “from the
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
East
East(1.) The orient (mizrah); the rising of the sun. Thus “the east country” is the country lying to the east of Syria, the Elymais (Zech. 8:7).(2). Properly what is in front of one, or a country that is before or in front of another; the rendering of the word kedem. In pointing out the quarters, a
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
East, the
East, Theeast, the, one of the four cardinal points of the compass. The ot terminology for ‘east’ is derived chiefly from two sources. First, it is drawn from language associated with sunrise (Heb. mizrakh, ‘rising, shining,’ Josh. 4:19), sometimes with sun (shemesh, Judg. 21:19) or going forth (motsah,