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Earth
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Earth
Earth (אֶרֶץ‎, erets; γῆ, ). The dwelling place of humans. When paired with “heaven” (or “the heavens”), it refers to the entire cosmos or simply differentiates the ground from the sky (Gen 1:1–2, 26; 27:28; Deut 32:22; Acts 4:24).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Earth
EARTH. The habitation of human beings, viewed physically as land, soil, or ground, geographically as a region, politically as a state, territory, or country, cosmically as the opposite of heaven, and symbolically as the entirety of material existence.A. Earth in the OT1. Terminology2. Cosmology3.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Earth
Earth. Term used for our inhabited planet; the world, as distinguished from heaven and hell; land; soil; and in several other ways. Biblical usage is as broad as modern usage.One Hebrew word translated “earth” is also used generically for “man,” or Adam (Gn 2:7, 19). That word refers to reddish soil
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Earth
Earth [Heb. ʾereṣ, ʾaḏāmâ, also ʿāp̱ār—‘dust’ (Gen. 26:15; Job 7:21; etc.), ʾaḏmaṯ-ʿāp̱ār (“dust of the earth,” Dnl. 12:2); Aram ʾaraʿ (Ezr. 5:11; Jer. 10:11; Dnl. 2–7), ʾaraq (Jer. 10:11), yabbeštāʾ (Dnl. 2:10); Gk. gḗ, also katachthónios—‘under the earth,’ ‘subterranean’ (Phil. 2:10)].
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Earth
EARTH Term used for our inhabited planet; the world, as distinguished from heaven and hell; land; soil; and in several other ways. Biblical usage is as broad as modern usage.One Hebrew word translated “earth” is also used generically for “man,” or Adam (Gn 2:7, 19). That word refers to reddish soil
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Earth
EARTH. This word has several meanings in the English Bible.1. The distinctive name for our planet (Job 1:7).2. The solid matter of the globe in contrast to the water and air (Gen 1:10).3. The soil; the ground as a farmer would speak of it (2 Kgs 5:17).4. The inhabitants of the globe (Gen 11:1).5.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Earth
EARTH. 1. The physical *world in which man lives, as opposed to the heavens, e.g. Gn. 1:1; Dt. 31:28; Ps. 68:8; Dn. 6:27, etc. (Heb. ’ereṣ or Aram. ara‘). This word is ambiguous in so far as it sometimes expresses this wider meaning of ‘earth’ (i.e. so far as the Hebrews knew it) and sometimes only
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Earth
EARTH ארץI. Earth (ארץ) is one of the most common words in the OT with more than 2500 occurrences. The word—and its etymological cognates—is widely attested in other Semitic languages, e. g. arṣ in Ugaritic and Phoenician, ʾr in Arabic, ʾrq or ʾrʿ in Aramaic and erṣetu in Akkadian. The Sumerian equivalent
Heaven-And-Earth
HEAVEN-AND-EARTH שׁמים וארץI. In accordance with Mesopotamian, Anatolian and North Syrian evidence we find the word-pair ‘heaven and earth’ also in the OT scriptures, mainly in deuteronomistic and prophetic texts, where the cosmos is called upon as a witness. Besides these occurrences we find heaven
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Earth
Earth. The term is used in two widely-different senses: (1) for the material of which the earth’s surface is composed; (2) as the name of the planet on which man dwells. The Hebrew language discriminates between these two by the use of separate terms, adamah for the former, erets for the latter.1. Adamah
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Earth
EARTH. The rendering of several Heb. and Gk. words. (See Mineral Kingdom.)
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Earth
Earth(1.) In the sense of soil or ground, the translation of the word adamah’. In Gen. 9:20 “husbandman” is literally “man of the ground or earth.” Altars were to be built of earth (Ex. 20:24). Naaman asked for two mules’ burden of earth (2 Kings 5:17), under the superstitious notion that Jehovah, like
Key passages
Ge 1:1–2

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth— Now the earth was formless and empty, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the surface of the waters.

Ge 1:10

And God called the dry ground “earth,” and he called the collection of the waters “seas.” And God saw that it was good.

Job 26:7

He stretches out the north over emptiness; he hangs the earth over nothing.

Job 26:10

He has described a circle on the face of the water between light and darkness.

See also
Topics & Themes