Agency • Obligation
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Duty [Heb. piel of yāḇam (Gen. 38:8; Dt. 25:5, 7), bô’ (2 K. 11:5, 9; etc.), yāṣā’ (2 K. 11:7, 9; etc.), mišmereṯ (Nu. 3:7f; 1 Ch. 9:27; etc.), melā’ḵâ, mi‘šmār, aḇōḏâ, dāḇār, mišpāṭ, pequddâ]; AV also “marry her” (Gen. 38:8), “enter in,” “go forth,” CHARGE, WORK, OFFICE,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
DUTY. Found six or eight times (excluding “due”). The duty of marriage is discussed in Ex 21:10; Deut 25:5, 7, in two different situations. Daily duty in connection with religious ritual is discussed in 2 Chr 8:14; Ezr 3:4. In Eccl 12:13, the word is supplied. The whole duty of man under the law was
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
DUTY (Heb. dābār, a “matter,” 2 Chron. 8:14; Ezra 3:4, KJV). The task of each day. NASB renders “according to the daily rule” or “as each day required.” The other use of the word is that which a man owes to his wife or his deceased brother’s widow (Deut. 25:5; 7; Heb. ˓ônâ, “cohabitation”). In the
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
DUTY — obligatory tasks or service rendered to God (Eccl. 12:13). In the Old Testament, people’s basic duty was contained in the Ten Commandments (Ex. 20:1–17). But Jesus summed up our duty in His commandments to “love God” (Matt. 22:37) and “love your neighbor as yourself” (Matt. 22:39).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DUTY<du’-ti> ([דָּבָר‎, dabhar]; [ὀφείλω, opheilo]): The word duty occurs only three times in the Old Testament and twice in the New Testament. In the Old Testament it is the translation of dabhar, which, meaning originally “speech,” or “word,” came to denote any particular “matter” that had
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
duty. An action required by either moral or legal *responsibility, or the force inherent in such a responsibility. As a *principle of conduct, the sense of duty demands that the person bound to perform a specific action fulfill that *obligation. Viewed as a motive for conduct, duty is generally understood
obligation. As an ethical term, a *responsibility or claim upon a person’s life, demeanor or conduct that is morally binding. Although it is generally seen as a synonym for *duty, obligation is occasionally used in a wider sense to include not only mandatory actions but also dispositions that are incumbent
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
DUTY.—In the widest sense of the word, ‘duty’ is the correlate of ‘ought.’* What I ought to be, to do, to feel, that is my duty. So the word covers the whole content of the moral ideal. But both to the plain man and to the philosopher duty usually has a narrower significance; and this we must make clear
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
DUTY, dūʹti (דָּבָר‎, dābhār; ὀφείλω, opheílō): The word d. occurs only three times in the OT and twice in the NT. In the OT it is the tr of dābhār, which, meaning originally “speech,” or “word,” came to denote any particular “matter” that had to be attended to. In the two places where it is rendered
The Jonathan Edwards Encyclopedia
Agency/VolitionFoundational to an Edwardsean theological anthropology, agency and volition are crucial for understanding not only God but also humans in relation to God. Central to understanding human salvation, the affections (Religious Affections, pt. 3, sec. 7; WJE 2:253–66), faith, and human purpose
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
OBLIGATION [ἀνάγκη anankē]. In the Bible, the word obligation generally refers to religious duty and responsibility, as well as to discipleship. There is no specific Hebrew term for obligation. The NRSV supplies the word obligation to some Hebrew translations, e.g., wiheyithem neqiyiyim (וִהְיִיתֶם