Alcoholic • Drunk • Drunkard • Intemperance • Intoxication
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Drunkenness [Heb. šikkārôn] (Jer. 13:13; Ezk. 23:33); NEB also “wine until they are drunk”; [šeṯî] (Eccl. 10:17); NEB DRUNKARDS; [Gk. méthē] (Lk. 21:34; Rom. 13:13; Gal. 5:21); NEB also DRINKING BOUTS; [oinophlygía] (1 Pet. 4:3); AV EXCESS WINE.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
drunkenness, the state of inebriation induced by the ingestion of wine or of what the Bible calls “strong drink” (e.g., Prov. 20:1). In general, wine was enjoyed in Israel as a divinely given fruit of the ground. Used in cultic meals (Deut. 14:26), it was a figure for divine wisdom (Isa. 55:1–2; Prov.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
DRUNKENNESS. Holy Scripture contains many cases of individual drunkenness, such as Noah (Gen 9:20–24), Lot (Gen 19:30–35), Nabal (1 Sam 25:36), Uriah (2 Sam 11:12–13), Amnon (2 Sam 13:28), King Elah of Israel (1 Kgs 16:8–10), and Ben-hadad of Syria (1 Kgs 20:16). Drunkenness is implied in the account
Drunk, Drunkard
DRUNK, DRUNKARD. Drunkenness is expressed in the Gr. NT by methē and the verbs methuō and methuskō. In the LXX methuō translates most often the Heb. shākar, which is used both literally (Gen 9:21) and figuratively (Jer 25:27) of intoxication. The many injunctions against drunkenness in the OT show
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
DrunkennessIntoxication from strong drink. Drunkenness was among the more prevalent social problems of the ancient world, and its effects were long lasting on families and nations of the OT. Noah and Lot serve as examples of inebriation leading to improper sexual relationships (Gen. 9:21–27; 19:30–38).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
DRUNKENNESS Intoxication through an excess of drinking alcohol. The Bible does not prohibit the drinking of wine and other forms of alcohol, as the fruits from which they were made exist for use by man (Ps 104:15; Sir 31:3–5). Nevertheless, drunkenness was a common social ill in the ancient world, and
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Drunk, Drunkard
DRUNK, DRUNKARD (Heb. some form of shākăr, to be “tipsy”; Gk. metheuō). Noah, who was probably ignorant of the fiery nature of wine, affords us the first instance of intoxication (Gen. 9:21). That the excessive use of strong drink was not uncommon among the Jews may be inferred from the striking figures
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
DrunkThe first case of intoxication on record is that of Noah (Gen. 9:21). The sin of drunkenness is frequently and strongly condemned (Rom. 13:13; 1 Cor. 6:9, 10; Eph. 5:18; 1 Thess. 5:7, 8). The sin of drinking to excess seems to have been not uncommon among the Israelites.The word is used figuratively,
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Drunkennessdrunkenness, the state of inebriation induced by the ingestion of too much alcohol, in the Bible, principally wine. On the one hand, wine was enjoyed in Israel as a divinely given fruit of the ground. Used in cultic meals (Deut. 14:26), it was a figure for divine wisdom (Isa. 55:1–2; Prov.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
DRUNKENNESS — a drugged or deranged condition that results from drinking intoxicating beverages (1 Cor. 5:11; 6:10; Eph. 5:18). Drunkenness regularly appears in lists of vices in the New Testament (Luke 21:34; Rom. 13:13; Gal. 5:21).Noah, who planted a vineyard and drank its wine after the Flood, is
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
DrunkennessThe OT is full of references to drunkenness, both as a literal physical phenomenon and as a graphic metaphorical symbol portraying a wide variety of emotional, spiritual and moral states. The stark images evoked by the biblical authors are often so dramatic that to comment on them would seem
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DRUNKENNESS<drunk’-’-n-nes> ([רָוֶה‎, raweh], [שִׁכָּרוֹן‎, shikkaron], [שְׁתי‎, shethi]; [μέθη, methe]):
Key passages
Ge 9:20–22

And Noah began to be a man of the ground, and he planted a vineyard. And he drank some of the wine and became drunk, and he exposed himself in the midst of his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and he told his two brothers outside.

Pr 20:1

Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and any who go astray by it are not wise.

Is 5:11–12

Ah! Those who rise early in the morning, they pursue strong drink. Those who linger in the evening, wine inflames them. And there will be lyre and harp, tambourine and flute, and wine at their feasts, but they do not look at the deeds of Yahweh, and they do not see the work of his hands. …

Lk 21:34

“But take care for yourselves, lest your hearts are weighed down with dissipation and drunkenness and the worries of daily life, and that day come upon you suddenly

Eph 5:18

And do not be drunk with wine (in which is dissipation), but be filled by the Spirit,

See also