Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The beverage most commonly consumed by ancient Israelites. Represented Christ’s blood in the early Church. Christ’s first miracle involved turning water into wine (John 2:1–12).
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Liquor(AV Ex. 22:29 [MT 28]; Nu. 6:3; Cant. 7:2 [MT 3]). The AV rendering of three hapax legomena. In Ex. 22:29, AV, “liquor” translates Heb. demaʿ, which appears to be related to dāmaʿ, “shed tears” (RSV “outflow of a press” is a paraphrase based on the context). Most commentators have followed the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
WINE Beverage made from fermented grape juice.Origin Noah was among the first to produce wine (Gn 9:21), presumably on the slopes of Mt Ararat. But wine making was not confined to that region, because Egypt, and later Greece, had a fondness for the juice. In fact, wine making was known to have existed
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
wine. In the Bible, wine is considered luxurious and sometimes dangerous food (1 Sam. 1:14; Neh. 5:18; Prov. 20:1; 23:29–35; Isa. 25:6; 1 Tim. 3:8).Wine ranked with oil as an important commercial crop, and the royal house played a major role in its production and trade. A large cellar was required to
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
LIQUOR. As referred to in the Bible, liquor should not be understood in the ordinary modern sense of a distilled or spirituous beverage (brandy or whiskey). Nor should it necessarily be applied to a fermented beverage (wine or beer), but may refer to any liquid substance, fruit juices in general (Ex
WINE. Eleven different Heb. words are thus translated in the OT. The exact distinction between all these is difficult, indeed perhaps impossible to determine now. However, most of these are used only a few times. The main interest attaches to two OT words which are used a great many times: yayin (134
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
WineSeveral types of wine and other fruit beverages were consumed regularly in the ancient Near Eastern world. These included Heb. yayin, the most common term for wine; tɩ̂rôš, “new or sweet wine”; šēḵār, “strong drink”; ḥemer, “wine (red?)”; ʿāsɩ̂s, “sweet wine”; and Gk. oɩ́nos, a generic word
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Wine (Heb. yayin; Gk. oínos).† In the Mediterranean world wine has been favored since antiquity as preferred and valued beverage (Ps. 104:15). The land and its climate lend themselves favorably to the cultivation of vineyards, and ever since biblical times wine production has been a valued skill.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Wine And Vinegar
WINE AND VINEGAR Wine has been known in the East as a beverage since the dawn of history. According to the biblical tradition Noah was the first man to plant a vineyard (Gen. 9:20–2). From the Bible, Egyptian wall paintings and reliefs and the remains of installations found in Palestine that were used
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
WineThe fermented juice of the grape and other fruits. Wine was an important drink in the ancient world, and it figures significantly in the imagery of Jesus’ parables* and proclamation in the Gospels.1. Terminology and Types2. Production3. Use of Wine4. The Biblical Attitude toward Wine5. Drunkenness
Catholic Bible Dictionary
WINE First mentioned in connection with Noah, who planted a vineyard after the Flood (Gen 9:20–21). Wine was counted among the first fruits owed by the Israelites to God (Num 18:12), along with cereal, oil, and animals, and was used in various sacrifices as a ritual offering and for penance (Exod 29:40;