Dry • Famine and Drought
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Drought [Heb. ṣîyâ (Job 24:19; Jer. 2:6; 51:43), baṣṣōreṯ (Jer. 14:1; 17:8), ḥōreḇ (Jer. 50:38; Hag. 1:11), tal’uḇôṯ (Hos. 13:5)]; AV also DRY; DEARTH; NEB also BARREN, DRIED UP, “sword” (Jer. 50:38), BURNING HEAT. All of these Hebrew terms refer to the dryness of a land that has received
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
DROUGHT. This expression is connected with famine, one of the Lord’s judgments in the OT. Water is usually at a premium in Palestine. Since rain was the chief source of water for both crops and human consumption, a prolonged drought spelled disaster for Palestine (cf. 1 Kgs 17:1; Jas 5:17). In addition
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Drought. A dryness of the land due to insufficient rain over an extended period of time. The Israelites feared a drought, for it would invariably lead to famine. The drought “caused” by Elijah was so prolonged that Ahab had to travel a great distance to find water and provender (1 Kgs. 17:1ff.).While
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
DROUGHT. The rendering of a number of Heb. words. In Palestine there is little if any rain from May till October, and consequently this is the season of drought. The copious dews nourish only the more robust plants, and as the season advances the grass withers, unless watered by rivulets or the labor
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
DroughtFrom the middle of May to about the middle of August the land of Palestine is dry. It is then the “drought of summer” (Gen. 31:40; Ps. 32:4), and the land suffers (Deut. 28:23: Ps. 102:4), vegetation being preserved only by the dews (Hag. 1:11). (See DEW.)
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Dry, Drought
Dry, DroughtDrought is an image of suffering in the Bible, but even more dominant than that is the constant motif of the threat of drought. Drought was a dangerous reality of the ancient Near East, one that could precipitate famine. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were all forced to relocate because of drought-related
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Drought (pronounced drout), dryness, absence of water or rain, referring particularly to that state of the weather when there is not sufficient moisture to promote the growth of plants. Eastern countries are particularly subject to drought. Palestine during the summer months is exposed to a scorching
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Famine and Drought
FAMINE AND DROUGHT Famine is an extreme shortage of food, and drought is an excessive dryness of land. The Bible reports or predicts the occurrence of several famines and droughts.Causes of Famine Drought was the most common cause of famines mentioned in the Bible. Drought caused famines in the time
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
drought. An extended period of abnormally low rainfall. Any community whose habitat embraced a semi-arid region on the desert’s fringe would certainly be painfully aware not only of the value but also of the variability of rainfall amounts that is characteristic of such a region. Rainfall maps of Israel
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
DROUGHT [בַּצָּרָהbatsarah, בַּצֹּרֶתbatsoreth, חֹרֶבkhorev, תַּלְאֻבָהtalʾuvah]. Prolonged dry weather (Ps 32:4; Jer 17:8), causing crop failure and scarcity of drinking water (Jer 14:1–6). Drought is one of God’s curses on the Israelites for disobeying God’s commandments (Deut 28:22) and neglecting
Key passages
1 Ki 8:35

When you shut up the heavens so there is no rain because they have sinned against you, then they pray to this place and they confess your name and they return from their sin because you punished them,

2 Ch 6:26

“When the heavens are stopped up and there is no rain because they have sinned against you and they pray to this place and confess your name and turn back from their sin when you humble them,

Je 12:4

How long will the land mourn, and the vegetation of every field dry up, because of the wickedness of those who live in it? The animals and the birds are swept away, because they have said, “He does not see our future.”

Je 14:1–6

That which came as the word of Yahweh to Jeremiah concerning the matter of the severe drought. “Judah mourns, and her gates languish, they are in mourning on the ground, and the cry of lament of Jerusalem goes up. And their nobles send their servants for water. They …

Je 50:38

A drought will come against her waters, and they will dry up, for it is a land of images, and because of the frightful objects, they act like madmen.

See also
Lk 4:25; Jas 5:17;