Beverage • Drink • Food And Drink
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Drink [Heb. šāḵar, šāqâ, šāṯâ, mišteh, mašqeh, also gāmā’ (Gen. 24:17), māṣaṣ (Isa. 66:11), rāwâ (Isa. 34:5), šeṯîyâ (Est. 1:8); Aram šeṯâ (Dnl. 5:1–4, 23); Gk. pínō, potízō, póma, also oínos, (Tit. 2:3), pósis (Jn. 6:55; Rom. 14:17; Col. 2:16), sympínō (Acts 10:41),
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
DRINK. Both water and sour milk were drunk by the Jews, but a sour wine often called vinegar was also used extensively by the common people (Ruth 2:14). People of wealth drank wine of a better vintage often mixed with water and spices.The word is also used figuratively: “drink iniquity like water” (Job
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Drink, Drinking
Drink, DrinkingDrink and drinking occur in various contexts: (1) consumption of fluids for bodily sustenance; (2) communal celebration and bonding; (3) cultic or sacramental usage; (4) metaphorically, denoting divine and human activity; and (5) symbolically, for the sustenance of the earth by rain.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Drink. The Israelites were familiar with a number of beverages. Besides water (e.g., Exod. 15:23–25) drawn from springs, wells, or cisterns (Jer. 2:13) they drank milk from goats (Prov. 27:27) and sheep (Deut. 32:14; cf. Judg. 5:25), and wine (e.g., Amos 2:8). They also drank vinegar because of its
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Food And Drink
FOOD AND DRINK The diet of primitive man consisted mainly of meat—eaten raw—fish, wild fowl, wild fruit and weeds. It was only later in the Mesolithic period (Prehistory) that the food-gathering society developed into a food-producing society bycultivating plants and domesticating animals. In the Canaanite
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
DRINK. As a drink, water took first place, although milk was also used extensively but was considered food (which see). For the better quenching of thirst the common people used a sour drink (Ruth 2:14), a sort of vinegar mixed with oil, perhaps also sour wine. The well-to-do drank wine, probably mixed
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
DrinkThe drinks of the Hebrews were water, wine, “strong drink,” and vinegar. Their drinking vessels were the cup, goblet or “basin,” the “cruse” or pitcher, and the saucer.To drink water by measure (Ezek. 4:11), and to buy water to drink (Lam. 5:4), denote great scarcity. To drink blood means to be
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Drinkdrink, liquid nourishment. In the womb the fetus derives food and shelter from the mother without differentiation between physical and spiritual dimensons. Postnatal liquid foods are milk, water, and wine. Physically milk and water are essential; wine gives superabundance and elation. Used figuratively,
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Drink, Drinking
Drink, DrinkingDrinking is employed figuratively in a variety of ways in Scripture to indicate partaking in or even experiencing something. In this sense the oppressed spirit may be said to drink poison (Job 6:4), the brokenhearted may drink tears (Ps 80:5), lovers may drink of love (Prov 7:18; Song
Compton’s Encyclopedia
coffeeRest periods set aside for snacks and small talk are called coffee breaks or coffee hours, no matter what kinds of refreshments are enjoyed. Coffee has become one of the most popular hot drinks because it combines good taste and aroma with caffeine, a stimulant. It is prepared by brewing the roasted
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
drink. This English term, both as a noun and as a verb, renders a number of Hebrew and Greek terms that are used in the Scriptures in various ways. (1) In the literal and ordinary sense, many passages speak of the bodily consumption of fluids such as water, wine, grape juice, milk, and vinegar (even
Key passages
Le 10:8–11

Then Yahweh spoke to Aaron, saying, “You and your sons with you may not drink wine or strong drink when you come to the tent of assembly, so that you will not die—it is a lasting statute for your generations— and to distinguish between the holy and the unholy, as well …

2 Sa 11:13

David invited him, and he ate and drank in his presence so that he became drunk, and he went out in the evening to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but he did not go down to his house.

Pr 31:4–7

It is not for the kings, O Lemuel; drinking wine is not for the kings, nor is strong drink for rulers. Or else he will drink and forget what has been decreed, and he will pervert the rights of all the afflicted. Give strong drink to him who is perishing, and wine to those in bitter …

Is 56:12

“Come, let me take wine, and let us carouse with intoxicating drink, and tomorrow will be like today, very great indeed.”

Lk 5:33

And they said to him, “The disciples of John fast often and make prayers—likewise also the disciples of the Pharisees—but yours are eating and drinking!”

Lk 7:34

The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Behold, a man who is a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’

Lk 10:7

And remain in the same house, eating and drinking whatever they provide, for the worker is worthy of his pay. Do not move from house to house.

Lk 17:27–28

they were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, they were being given in marriage, until the day Noah entered into the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all. Likewise, just as it was in the days of Lot—they were eating, they were drinking, they were buying, they were selling, …

See also
Topics & Themes