The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Dream (חֲלוֹם‎, chalom; ἐνύπνιον, enypnion). The visual and aural sensations that a sleeping person experiences. Dreams in the Bible are often a medium for divine oracles.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Dreams. Dreams have always fascinated people; the events experienced in dreams are too vivid and real to be ignored.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Dream [Heb. nouns alôm, also šēnâ—‘sleep’ (Ps. 90:5); Aram ḥēlem (Dnl. 2:4; etc.); Gk. ónar (Mt. 1:20; 2:12f, 19, 22; 27:19), also enýpnion (Acts 2:17)]; AV also A SLEEP (Ps. 90:5); NEB also BAD DREAMS (Gen. 40:5), “sensible man” (Eccl. 5:3), “wise women” (Jer. 23:32; 29:8), omits in Eccl.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
DREAMS Thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep. Dreams have always fascinated people; the events experienced in dreams are too vivid and real to be ignored.Ancient Understanding From the earliest times people viewed dreams as a mystery, provoking speculation about another actual sphere
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
dreams. In the book of Genesis, God frequently offers guidance through dreams (e.g., Abimelech’s dream, 20:3–7; Jacob’s dreams, 28:12; 31:9–13; Laban’s dream, 31:24; Joseph’s dreams, 37:5–10). Joseph is also gifted with the ability to interpret other people’s dreams (40:1–41:32). Elsewhere, Gideon is
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
DREAM. A dream is a series of images or thoughts occurring during sleep. When these are unpleasant the cause is sometimes a physical disorder. Dreams can also be caused by powerful stimuli or suggestions and emotions which may be pleasant or unpleasant. These need not be of recent occurrence but can
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
DREAM. If comparing the ‘dream’ literature of the Babylonians and the Egyptians with the references to dreams in the OT, one is impressed by the Hebrews’ lack of preoccupation with this phenomenon. Nor is the religious significance of the dreams that are recorded in the OT at all prominent. Indeed, dreams
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
DreamsIn the ancient Near East generally, dreams and the interpretation of dreams must be considered in the wider category of omens and omen interpretation (including reading liver deformities, the shapes and patterns of smoke, oil in water, flights of birds). However, dreams were considered among the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Dream (Heb. noun alôm, verb ḥālam; Aram.ḥēlem; Gk. enýpnion, ónar). A series of perceptions or images experienced during sleep. To the ancient Near Eastern mind, dreams were viewed as somehow connected with the supernatural and thus both feared and sought after because of their potential
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
DreamsA sequence of thoughts or images occurring during sleep. Dreams have been the subject of intense interest and critical reflection from time immemorial. Modern concepts of dreams are indebted to Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), who established the basic principles which guide modern dream research. Scripture,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
DREAM The ancient world believed that dreams were full of meaning. There were experts who specialized in dream interpretation, such as those who failed to interpret Pharaoh’s dream (Gen 41:8) and Nebuchadnezzar’s dream (Dan 2:2).The Old Testament warns against treating dreams as a form of divination,
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Dreams. The Scripture declares that the influence of the Spirit of God upon the soul extends to its sleeping as well as its waking thoughts. But, in accordance with the principle enunciated by St. Paul in 1 Cor. 14:15, dreams, in which the understanding is asleep, are placed below the visions of prophecy,
Key passages
Ge 37:1–11

And Jacob settled in the land of the sojourning of his father, in the land of Canaan. These are the generations of Jacob. Joseph, when seventeen years old, was shepherding the flock with his brothers. Now he was a helper with the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, …

Jdg 7:13

When Gideon came, a man was recounting a dream to his friend, and he said, “Behold, I had a dream; a round loaf of barley bread was tumbling into the camp of Midian, and it came up to the tent, it struck it, and it fell and turned it upside down so that the tent fell.”

Da 2:1–12

Now in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams; and his spirit was troubled and his sleep left him. So the king said to call the magicians and the conjurers and the sorcerers and the astrologers to tell to the king his dreams. …

Mt 1:20–21

But as he was considering these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. And she will give birth to a son, and you will call his name …

Mt 2:12–13

And being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they went back to their own country by another route. Now after they had gone away, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph, saying, “Get up, take the child and his mother and flee to …