Marriage Present
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Dowry. Gift of property or goods from the bride’s family to the bride or groom prior to marriage.See Marriage, Marriage Customs.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Dowry [Heb. zeḇeḏ] (Gen. 30:20); [šillûḥîm] (1 K. 9:16); AV PRESENT; NEB MARRIAGE GIFT; MARRIAGE PRESENT [Heb. mōhar (Gen. 34:12; Ex. 22:17; 1 S. 18:25), māhar (Ex. 22:16)]; AV DOWRY, ENDOW (Ex. 22); NEB BRIDE-PRICE. “Dowry” generally refers to the gift that a bride brought to marriage. When
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
DOWRY Gift of property or goods from the bride’s family to the bride or groom prior to marriage. See Marriage, Marriage Customs.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
DOWRY. When arrangements for a marriage were being made, several types of exchange of property might take place.1. The suitor could be expected to give a certain “gift” (Heb. mōhar) to the bride’s parents and/or brothers (Gen 34:12; Ex 22:16; 1 Sam 18:25). This could entail much negotiation (Gen 34:8–12).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
DowryA gift by a bride’s father to the bride. Generally, a dowry is to be understood in the context of marriage, and was a common practice in ancient Near Eastern societies. One could view the dowry as the daughter’s share of the parents’ inheritance as she leaves the parental home for her husband’s.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Dowry. †A gift of money or property usually extended by the bride’s family to the groom at marriage. The Old Testament states that the pharaoh gave his daughter a city when she married King Solomon (1 Kgs. 9:16, Heb. šillûḥîm; KJV “present”; NIV “wedding gift”) and that Laban gave Jacob a
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
DOWRY (Heb. mōhar, “price” paid for a wife; Gen. 34:12; Ex. 22:17; 1 Sam. 18:25). In arranging for marriage, as soon as paternal consent was obtained, the suitor gave the bride a betrothal or bridal gift, as well as presents to her parents and brothers. In more ancient times the bride received a portion
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Dowry(mohar; i.e., price paid for a wife, Gen. 34:12; Ex. 22:17; 1 Sam. 18:25), a nuptial present; some gift, as a sum of money, which the bridegroom offers to the father of his bride as a satisfaction before he can receive her. Jacob had no dowry to give for his wife, but he gave his services (Gen.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
DOWRY — a gift given to the father of one’s bride. In the ancient world, when a man married, he was expected to give something to the woman’s father. This was not considered a payment or a purchase price for a wife, but compensation to the father for the loss of her help as a daughter. The dowry could
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DOWRY<dou’-ri>: In all Hebrew marriages, the dowry held an important place. The dowry sealed the betrothal. It took several forms. The bridegroom presented gifts to the bride. There was the [מֹהַר‎, mohar], “dowry” as distinguished from [מַתָּן‎, mattan], “gifts to the members of the family” (compare
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Dowʹry, the price paid for a wife (Gen. 29:18; 34:12; 1 Sam. 18:25; Hos. 3:2). The word has thus a sense the very opposite to that which it has among Western nations.
Key passages
Ge 34:12

Make the bride price and gift as high as you like; I will give what you say to me. But give me the girl as a wife.”

Ex 22:16–17

“ ‘If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged and he lies with her, he surely will give her bride price to have her as his wife. If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he will weigh out money according to the bride price for the virgin. …

Dt 22:28–29

“If a man finds a young woman, a virgin who is not engaged, and he seizes her and he has sex with her and they are caught, then the man who lay with her shall give to the father of the young woman fifty shekels of silver, and she shall become his wife because he violated her, and …

See also
Topics & Themes