Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Levite who, according to the Additions to Esther, brought the Greek translation of the book of Esther from Jerusalem to Egypt (ca. 114 bc; Additions to Esther 11:1).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
DOSITHEUS (PERSON) [Gk Dositheos (Δοσιθεος)]. Greek theophoric name that became popular among Jews in the Hellenistic period. It replaced the Hebrew parallel name Mattathiah (=“present/gift of God”), or similar names (Mattaniah, Nethaniahu). It is recognizable in Hebrew/Aramaic form as Dosthai.1. Commander
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
1. A captain of Judas Maccabeus (2 Macc. 12:19–25); along with Sosipater he captured Timothy after the battle of Carnion, but granted him his life and freedom because Timothy led them to believe that “he held the parents of most of them and the brothers of some and no consideration would be shown them”
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
DOSITHEUS1. A Jew representing himself as a priest and Levite. He delivered a letter from Mordecai concerning the Feast of Purim (possibly containing the book of Esther) to Ptolemy and Cleopatra in the fourth year of their reign (Add Est 11:1).2. One of Judas Maccabeus’s captains. With Sosipater he
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DOSITHEUS<do-sith’-e-us> ([Δοσίθεος, Dositheos]):1. A captain of Judas Maccabeus (2 Macc 12:19-25); along with Sosipater he captured Timotheus after the battle of Carnion, but granted him his life and freedom on the representation that “he had in his power the parents of many of them and the brethren
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
DOSITHEUS, dō̇-sithʹē̇-us (Δοσίθεος, Dosítheos):(1) A captain of Judas Maccabaeus (2 Macc 12:19–25); along with Sosipater he captured Timotheus after the battle of Carnion, but granted him his life and freedom on the representation that “he had in his power the parents of many of them and the brethren
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture