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Dog
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A feral or domestic animal mentioned frequently and most often derogatorily in the Old and New Testaments. Feral dogs lived in packs outside of town (Psa 59:6; 59:14) or as scavengers in town (see 1 Kgs 14:11). “Dog” is often used as an insult (1 Sam 17:43; 24:14). Outsiders, such as Gentiles, are called dogs by those referred to as the Jews (Matt 15:26; Rev 22:15), as are male prostitutes (Deut 23:18). Dogs were also used as guards for livestock (Isa 56:10; Job 30:1).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Dog
Dog (כֶּלֶב‎, kelev) (κύων, kyōn). A feral or domestic animal mentioned frequently and most often derogatorily in the Old and New Testaments. Feral dogs lived in packs outside of town (Psa 59:6; 59:14) or as scavengers in town (see 1 Kgs 14:11). “Dog” is often used as an insult (1 Sam 17:43; 24:14). Outsiders,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Dog
dog. In Egypt, dogs were highly esteemed and apparently used as sentinels (cf. Exod. 11:7). They were also popular in Mesopotamia as hunting companions; they are depicted as such on Assyrian reliefs from the seventh century bce. The Hebrews, however, seem to have viewed dogs with a measure of disgust,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Dog
DogA domesticated carnivorous mammal (canis familiaris). In Palestine wild dogs roamed in packs living on the outskirts of towns. Dog skeletons excavated at Ashkelon suggest dogs were also kept as pets. Skeletons of young dogs were found carefully placed in individual graves, as one would bury a pet,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Dog
Dog (Heb. keleḇ; Gk. kynárion). A domesticated carnivorous mammal (Canis familiaris) considered unclean by Mosaic law; in the Bible most likely the pariah dog and possibly the related greyhound (so KJV at Prov. 30:31; Heb. zarzîr moṯnayim; RSV “strutting cock”). The Palestinian dog resembled
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Dog
DOG The dog in the Old Testament is a scavenger, equated with impurity. Dogs devoured corpses left unburied (1 Kgs 14:11, 16:4, 21:19, 22:38; 2 Kgs 9:10; Ps 68:23; Jer 15:3). Calling a person a dog was a strong insult (1 Sam 17:43, 24:14; 2 Sam 3:8, 16:9; Ps 22:16), and the word was used specifically
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Dog
Dog, an animal frequently mentioned in Scripture. It was used by the Hebrews as a watch for their houses, Isa. 56:10, and for guarding their flocks. Job 30:1. Then also, as now, troops of hungry and semi-wild dogs used to wander about the fields and the streets of the cities, devouring dead bodies and
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Dog
Dogfrequently mentioned both in the Old and New Testaments. Dogs were used by the Hebrews as a watch for their houses (Isa. 56:10), and for guarding their flocks (Job 30:1). There were also then as now troops of semi-wild dogs that wandered about devouring dead bodies and the offal of the streets (1
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Dog
Dogdog, a domesticated member of the canine family. Dogs were highly esteemed and possibly even worshiped in Egypt, and they were popular in Mesopotamia as hunting companions; dogs are depicted on Assyrian reliefs from the seventh century b.c. The Hebrews, however, viewed them with utter disgust. In
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Dogs
DogsAlthough the phrase “a dog’s life” epitomizes a life of ease devoid of anxiety in contemporary Western society, a “dog’s life” in a biblical context shocks the reader with visions of squalor, dismal poverty and the life of a pariah at the bottom of the social scale.A pair of prized Egyptian hunting
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DOG
DOG[כֶּלֶב‎, kelebh]; (compare Arabic kelb, “dog”); [κύων, kuon]; and diminutive [κυνάριον, kunarion]): References to the dog, both in the Old Testament and in the New Testament, are usually of a contemptuous character. A dog, and especially a dead dog, is used as a figure of insignificance. Goliath
Compton’s Encyclopedia
dog
dogThe dog is one of the most popular pets in the world. Its loyalty and devotion are legendary, and because of this the dog has been called man’s best friend. Class distinctions between people have no part in a dog’s life. It can be a faithful companion to either rich or poor.Dogs have been domesticated