Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Argues that the Pentateuch is derived from independent sources that a redactor later combined.
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Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Documentary Hypothesis. A critical attempt to explain the present composition of the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Bible. The Pentateuch is analyzed as a composite of four documents (JEDP), each of which had its own background and development before it was edited into the five books. The hypothesis
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
DOCUMENTARY HYPOTHESIS. The Documentary Hypothesis is a theory developed by scholars to explain the formation of the Pentateuch by arguing that behind the present text there were written documents that were edited together over the course of centuries. The origin of the Documentary Hypothesis is traced