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Divorce
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Divorce
Divorce (גְרוּשָׁה‎, gerushah; כְּרִיתֻת‎, kerithuth; ἀποστάσιον, apostasion; ἀπολύω, apolyō; ἀφίημι, aphiēmi; χωρίζω, chōrizō). The legal dissolution of a marriage. In the Bible—and in the cultures that produced the Bible—divorce was usually instigated by the husband.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Divorce
DIVORCE. The biblical teaching on divorce is much debated for two reasons. First, while the relevant texts are not numerous, they provoke exegetical issues which are complex and difficult. Second, since the church and synagogue look to Scripture for moral guidance and since divorce continues to be a
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Divorce
Divorce. Biblical provisions regulating divorce are closely bound up with the various definitions given to marriage within the successive phases of God’s progressive revelation in history.In the Genesis creation account, marriage is defined as the “one flesh” union established by God in the context
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Divorce
Divorce [Heb. kerîṯûṯ—‘a cutting off’ (Dt. 24:1, 3; Isa. 50:1; Jer. 3:8), šālaḥ—‘send away’ (Jer. 3:1; Mal. 2:16), gāraš—‘drive out, banish’ (Lev. 21:7, 14; 22:13; Nu. 30:9; Ezk. 44:22); Gk. apolýō—‘dismiss, send away’ (Mt. 1:19; 5:31f; 19:3, 8f; Mk. 10:2, 11f; Lk. 16:18), aphíēmi—‘send
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Divorce
DIVORCE Biblical provisions regulating divorce are closely bound up with the various definitions given to marriage within the successive phases of God’s progressive revelation in history.In the Genesis Creation account, marriage is defined as the “one flesh” union established by God in the context of
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Divorce
divorce. Despite a general disapproval of divorce, Mosaic law did permit divorce to be initiated by the husband (though, apparently, not by the wife). The acceptable grounds for divorce are not stated (cf. Deut. 24:1, “because he finds something objectionable about her”) and may have varied over time.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Divorce
DIVORCE. In the OT. In Deut 24:1–4 Moses permitted divorce of a husband from his wife if the husband found ˓erwat dābār, “some uncleanness” in her (lit., “a case of nakedness,” or “nakedness of a thing”). The nature of such an accusation was so general that it led to two interpretations at the time
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Divorce
DivorceThe legal ending of a marriage while the two parties are still living. Accordingly, it is a matter of grave seriousness and is always treated as such in the OT and NT.The Mosaic law permitted divorce (Deut. 24:1–4), although the conditions under which it is allowed are not clear. Within a cultural
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Marriage
Marriage and divorce, adultery and incestPaul did not write treatises on the subjects of marriage, divorce, adultery or incest, and, were it not for problems in some of the churches he had founded that specifically concerned these matters, he might have made no reference to any of them at all. But there
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Adultery, Divorce
ADULTERY, DIVORCEThis article covers in turn divorce, adultery and other irregular sexual unions that contemporary Christian ethicists and (in most cases) ancient Jews and Christians would have classed as deviations from the marital ideal (see Marriage).1. Divorce2. Adultery3. Other Irregular Unions
Key passages
Dt 24:1–4

“When a man takes a wife and he marries her and then she does not please him, because he found something objectionable and writes her a letter of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her away from his house, and she goes from his house, and she goes out and becomes a wife for another …

Je 3:1–10

A saying: ‘Look, if a man divorces his wife, and she goes from him and she becomes another man’s wife, will he return to her again?’ Will not that land be greatly defiled? And you have prostituted yourself with many lovers, would you now return to me?” declares Yahweh. “Lift up your …

Mal 2:10–17

Do we not all have one father? Has not one God created us? Why then are we unfaithful to one another, profaning the covenant of our ancestors? Judah has been faithless, and a detestable thing has been done in Israel and in Jerusalem. Judah has profaned the sanctuary …

Mt 5:31–32

“And it was said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.’ But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except for a matter of sexual immorality, causes her to commit adultery, and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery. …

Mk 10:2–10

And they asked him if it was permitted for a man to divorce his wife, in order to test him. And he answered and said to them, “What did Moses command you?” So they said, “Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and to send her away.” But Jesus said to them, “He wrote …

1 Co 7:10–11

To the married I command—not I, but the Lord—a wife must not separate from her husband. But if indeed she does separate, she must remain unmarried or be reconciled to her husband. And a husband must not divorce his wife.

See also
Topics & Themes