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Divided Kingdom
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also called the “Divided Monarchy.” Refers to the period of Israel’s history when the tribes of Israel were divided into two rival kingdoms—Israel in the north and Judah in the south. The “United Kingdom” or “United Monarchy” of Israel refers to the period from around 1050 to 920 bc when the tribes of Israel were united under one king: first Saul, then David, and lastly Solomon. The division occurred under Solomon’s son Rehoboam in 922 bc (1 Kgs 11:43–12:24) when the northern tribes seceded under the leadership of Jeroboam, son of Nebat. Jeroboam was the first king of the northern kingdom of Israel; he reigned until 901 bc. Ahab’s father, Omri, established Samaria as the new capital city of Israel in the early 9th century bc (1 Kgs 16:20–28). The separate kingdoms existed until the fall of Samaria in 722/721 bc (2 Kgs 17:1–18).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Divided Kingdom
Divided Kingdom Also called the “Divided Monarchy.” Refers to the period of Israel’s history when the tribes of Israel were divided into two rival kingdoms—Israel in the north and Judah in the south. The “United Kingdom” or “United Monarchy” of Israel refers to the period from around 1050 to 920 bc when
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Divided Kingdom, Divided Monarchy
divided kingdom, divided monarchy, the two-hundred-year period in ancient Judah and Israel ca. 922–722/1 bce. Following Solomon’s reign, his son Rehoboam succeeded him as king over Judah (the southern tribes) and, as was the custom (1 Kings 12:1–20), went to Shechem to be confirmed as king over Israel
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Divided Kingdom, Divided Monarchy
Divided Kingdom, Divided MonarchyDivided Kingdom, Divided Monarchy, the two-hundred year period in ancient Judah and Israel from 922 to 722 b.c. Following Solomon’s reign, his son Rehoboam was unable to retain leadership in the northern state of Israel. Judah, the southern state, was much more at ease
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Divided Kingdom
DIVIDED KINGDOM Two political states of Judah and Israel that came into existence shortly after the death of Solomon (1 Kings 11:43) and survived together until the fall of Israel in 722 b.c. The Northern Kingdom, known as Israel, and the Southern Kingdom, known as Judah, were operated as separate countries
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books
History of Israel 4: Division of the Monarchy
HISTORY OF ISRAEL 4: DIVISION OF THE MONARCHY1 Kings 12:1–19 and 2 Chronicles 10:1–19 report that after the death of *Solomon, his son *Rehoboam went to *Shechem, where all Israel had come to make him king. The Israelites agreed to serve Rehoboam—that is, to accept him as their king—on the condition
Dictionary of Christianity and Science: The Definitive Reference for the Intersection of Christian Faith and Contemporary Science
The Divided Monarchy
The Divided MonarchyThe historical books of the Bible, especially 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, and 2 Chronicles, provide a list of rulers and the lengths of their reigns for the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. This is typical of the records discovered by archaeologists in respect to other civilizations.
Key passages
1 Ki 11:43–22:51

Then Solomon slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in the city of David his father, and Rehoboam his son became king in his place. Then Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all of Israel had come to Shechem to make him king. It happened that Jeroboam the son of …

2 Ki 1:1–13:25

Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. Ahaziah had fallen through the lattice in his upper room, which was in Samaria, and he was injured. So he sent messengers, and he said to them, “Go, inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron, if I will survive …

2 Ki 14:8–17:4

Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz the son of Jehu king of Israel, saying, “Come let us meet face-to-face.” So Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah, saying, “The thornbush which is in Lebanon sent to the cedar which is in Lebanon, saying, ‘Give your daughter to …

2 Ki 23:16–17

When Josiah turned and saw the tombs which were there on the hill, he sent and took the bones from the tombs and burned them on the altar. Thus he defiled them according to the word of Yahweh that the man of God had proclaimed who had proclaimed these things. Then he said, “What is this gravestone …

1 Ch 5:26

So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul, king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tiglath-Pilneser, king of Assyria, and he took them into exile, namely, the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh. And he brought them to Halah, Habor, Hara, and the river Gozan, until this …

2 Ch 9:31–28:27

And Solomon slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son reigned in his place. Then Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to Shechem to make him king. And it happened that when Jeroboam the son of Nebat heard …

Is 6:1–8:10

In the year of the death of Uzziah the king, I saw the Lord sitting on a high and raised throne, and the hem of his robe was filling the temple. Seraphs were standing above him. Each had six wings: with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with …

Ho 1:2–11

At the beginning when Yahweh spoke through Hosea, Yahweh said to Hosea, “Go, take for yourself a wife and children of whoredom, because the land commits great whoredom forsaking Yahweh.” So he went and took Gomer daughter of Diblaim, and she conceived and bore him a son. And Yahweh …

Ho 3:1–5

And Yahweh said to me again, “Go, love a woman who has a lover and is committing adultery, just like the love of Yahweh for the children of Israel, but they are turning to other gods and love raisin cakes.” So I bought her for fifteen shekels of silver and a …

Am 1:1

The words of Amos, who was among the shepherds from Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah the king of Judah and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Jehoash, two years before the earthquake.

Am 7:10–17

Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam the king of Israel, saying, “Amos has conspired against you in the midst of the house of Israel. The land is not able to endure all of his words. For this Amos has said, ‘Jeroboam will die by the sword and Israel will certainly …

Jon 1:1–4:11

And the word of Yahweh came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, “Get up! Go to the great city Nineveh and cry out against her, because their evil has come up before me.” But Jonah set out to flee toward Tarshish from the presence of Yahweh. And he went down to Joppa …