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Disciples in Cyprus and Cyrene
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Third-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Located in the northeast corner of the Mediterranean. Approximately 70 kilometers south of modern-day Turkey, 125 kilometers west of Syria/Palestine, and 425 kilometers north of Egypt. The island is 225 kilometers long and 80 kilometers wide at its widest point. One of the first locations during Paul’s first missionary journey.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Cyprus
Cyprus (כִּתִּים‎, kittim, Κύπρος, Kypros). Third-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Located in the northeast corner of the Mediterranean. Approximately 70 kilometers south of modern-day Turkey, 125 kilometers west of Syria/Palestine, and 425 kilometers north of Egypt. The island is 225 kilometers
Cyrene
Cyrene (Κυρήνη, Kyrēnē). City established in North Africa by Greek settlers from the Aegean island of Thera around 630 bc (Herodotus, History, 4; Strabo, Geography, 17). The ancient city was named after a nearby spring along the southern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, near the modern village of Shahhat
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bcad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud Discusses the debate over purported references to Jesus of Nazareth in classical rabbinic literature such as the Talmud.
Jesus, Canonical
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Antioch (Place)
ANTIOCH (PLACE) [Gk Antiocheia (Ἀντιοχεια)]. A number of cities built by various Seleucid kings bore the name “Antioch.” The two that had the most important impact on the peoples of the Bible were the Antioch in Pisidia (south central Turkey) and the Antioch on the Orontes River in Turkey near the modern
Cyprus (Place)
CYPRUS (PLACE) [Heb kittim (כִּתִּם); Gk Kypros (Κυπρος)]. A Mediterranean island located 43 miles S of Asia Minor, 76 miles W of Syria, and 264 miles N of Egypt.The Hebrew name probably derives from the city of Kition (Roman Citium), which Phoenicians colonized on the SE coast of the island. It may
Cyrene (Place)
CYRENE (PLACE) [Gk Kyrēnē (Κυρηνη)]. CYRENIANS. The capital of the Roman province of Cyrenaica (Libya) in North Africa. Its name stems from the nature goddess (Kyrana), whose name was given to a perennial spring nearby. The city was founded by Greek colonists from the island of Thera near the end of
Jesus (Person)
JESUS (PERSON) [Gk Iēsous (Ἰησους)]. Several persons mentioned in the Bible bear this name, which is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb yĕhôšûaʿ; cf. the Gk of Luke 3:29; Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8). One of these is the son of Sirach, who wrote the deuterocanonical book of Ecclesiasticus; see WISDOM OF BEN-SIRA.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Cyprus
Cyprus. Island country located in the northeastern Mediterranean Sea, 50 miles south of Turkey (Asia Minor), 70 miles west of Syria, and 245 miles north of Egypt. This island, about 110 miles long and 50 miles wide, supports the Kyrenia and Troodas Massif mountain ranges separated by the fertile Mesaoria
Cyrene, Cyrenians
Cyrene, Cyrenians. City on the coast of North Africa which was the capital of Cyrenaica. It was founded in the 7th century bc by Greeks who engaged primarily in agricultural pursuits. Herodotus comments in his fifth-century bc Histories that “the land of Cyrene, the highest of that part of Libya which
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cyprus
Cyprus sīʹprəs. An island situated near the northeast corner of the Mediterranean Sea, in angle formed by the coasts of Cilicia (modern Turkey) and Syria. In the OT it is called Kittim; cf. the name of its Phoenician capital Kition. I. Geography II. Products III. Early History IV. Greek and Roman
Cyrene
Cyrene sī-rēʹnē [Gk. Kyrēnē]. A city in North Africa, capital of the Roman province of Cyrenaica (ancient and modern Libya). The city, modern Shakhāt, is located on the “hump” of Libya, E of the Gulf of Sirte (Syrtis), about 100 mi (160 km) ENE of Benghazi. It lies on a plateau at an altitude
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Cyprus
CYPRUS Island country located in the northeastern Mediterranean Sea, 50 miles (80.5 kilometers) south of Turkey (Asia Minor), 70 miles (112.6 kilometers) west of Syria, and 245 miles (394.2 kilometers) north of Egypt. This island, about 110 miles (177 kilometers) long and 50 miles (80.5 kilometers) wide,
Cyrene, Cyrenians
CYRENE, CYRENIANS* City and its people on the coast of North Africa that was the capital of Cyrenaica. It was founded in the seventh century bc by Greeks who engaged primarily in agricultural pursuits. Herodotus comments in his fifth-century bc Histories that “the land of Cyrene, the highest of that
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST Messiah, Savior, and founder of the Christian church.In providing a biography of Jesus Christ it must be borne in mind that each of the Gospels has its own distinctive purpose. Matthew, for instance, presents Jesus as the messianic King, whereas the emphasis in Mark is more on Jesus as
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Cyprus
Cyprus (si´pruhs), an island in the eastern Mediterranean about sixty miles west of the Syrian coast and about the same distance from the coast of Turkey. Approximately a hundred and forty miles long and sixty miles wide (about the same size as ancient Israel), the island was known as Alashia in the
Cyrene
Cyrene (si-ree´nee), city in Cyrenaica (modern Libya) that had a thriving Jewish community of settlers from Egypt from Ptolemaic times (late fourth century bce). Jason, the Hellenistic Jewish writer whose history was abbreviated in 2 Maccabees, came from Cyrene. Simon of Cyrene is said to have carried
Island
island. A number of specific islands are referred to in the Bible.1 Arvad, in northern Phoenicia, an island-city located two miles offshore (Ezek. 27:8, 11).2 Cauda, a small island south of Crete where, according to Acts, Paul took refuge during a storm (27:13–17).3 Chios, an island off the northern
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christjesus christ is the central figure of the nt: every book is written because of him and, in some sense, about him. Within the nt itself, he is spoken of in two distinct ways.(1) The nt describes and reflects upon a man named Jesus who lived in Galilee and was eventually crucified in Jerusalem;
Kittim
Kittim (kit´im).1 The descendant of Javan, the fourth son of Japheth who was a son of Noah, and Elishah’s brother (Gen. 10:4; 1 Chron. 1:7).2 An island in the Mediterranean Sea, possibly Cyprus. Both Num. 24:24 and Dan. 11:30 refer to “ships from Kittim.” The first-century ce historian Josephus (Antiquities
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Antioch
ANTIOCH. Sixteen Antiochs were established by Seleucus Nicator, founder of the Seleucid Empire in 312 (or 306) b.c. in honor of his father, Antiochus. Only two of these are mentioned in the NT: one in Syria, the other in Pisidia.1. Antioch in Syria, the capital, was one of five Antiochs in Syria alone.
Cyprus
CYPRUS. The third largest island of the Mediterranean (after Sicily and Sardinia), it has an area of 3, 572 square miles. Visible from both Asia Minor and Syria on a clear day, it is about 43 miles from the former and 60 miles from the latter. The surface is almost evenly divided between mountain and
Cyrene
CYRENE, CYRENIAN. A city in N Africa midway between Carthage and Alexandria. Cyrene was founded as a Gr. colony in 630 b.c. In 331 b.c. it submitted to Alexander, in 321 b.c. came under the Ptolemies, and passed to Rome in 96 b.c. Renowned as an intellectual center, at its zenith it had a population
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST. Jesus Christ is unique in several respects, not the least of which is the fact that in Him alone centers the gospel of the grace of God. He has changed the face of history, for in Him eternity has invaded time, God has become man, and human life has achieved through His redemption a significance
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Cyprus
CYPRUS. The island of Cyprus, some 225 km long, and 100 km wide at its broadest, lies in the E Mediterranean some 100 km W of the coast of Syria and about the same distance from the Turkish coast.Cyprus is not mentioned by that name in the OT, where it is probably referred to as *Elishah; the people
Cyrene
CYRENE. A port in N Africa, of Dorian foundation, rich in corn, silphium, wool and dates. It became part of the Ptolemaic empire in the 3rd century bc, and was bequeathed to Rome in 96 bc, becoming a province in 74 bc. Josephus quotes Strabo as stating that Cyrene encouraged Jewish settlement, and that
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Antioch
Antioch (Gk. Antiócheia)1. Antioch toward Pisidia. A city in the southern part of the Roman province called Galatia, in the central part of modern Turkey. More precisely it was actually located in Phrygia, a district in southern Galatia bordering on the northern boundary of the district of Pisidia.
Cyprus
Cyprus (Gk. Kýpros)The crossroads of the Eastern Mediterranean, an island 70 km. (44 mi.) from the south coast of Anatolia and 95 km. (64 mi.) from the Levant, making it an obvious stop for both traders and invaders. Prehistory of the island appears to date to ca. 8000–10,000 b.c.e. Its earliest prehistoric
Cyrene
Cyrene (Gk. Kyrḗnē)The capital of the North African Roman province of Cyrenaica (modern Libya), located ca. 8 km. (5 mi.) inland. Cyrene was, along with Berenice, Arsinoë, Ptolemais, and Apollonia, part of the region known as the Pentapolis (Pliny Nat. hist. 5.31). It had been settled by Greeks
Jesus Christ
Jesus ChristThe founder of what became the Christian movement. For greater specificity, in his lifetime he was called “Jesus son of Joseph” (Luke 4:22; John 1:45; 6:42), “Jesus of Nazareth” (Acts 10:38), or “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mark 1:24; Luke 24:19 [some translations do not distinguish “the Nazarene”
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Antioch
Antioch [ănˊtĭ ŏk] (Gk. Antiocheia). The name of several cities in antiquity.
Cyprus
Cyprus (Lat. Cyprium, from Gk. kýpros “copper”). The third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, 74 km. (46 mi.) south of Cilicia (modern Turkey) and about 96 km. (60 mi.) west of Syria. In the Old Testament it is called Kittim.
Cyrene
Cyrene [sī rēˊnĭ] (Gk. Kyrēnē). The capital of the Roman province of Cyrenaica (modern Shakhāt) located east of the Gulf of Sirte, along Libya’s northern coast.Founded ca. 632 B.C. by Dorian Greeks from the island of There in the Aegean Sea, Cyrene was an important Greek colony, under Greek
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Cyprus
CYPRUS The third-largest island in the Mediterranean, in the northeastern reaches, south of Cilicia in Asia Minor, with an area of 3,584 square miles. Excavations and intensive research were begun there in the 1920s by the Swedish Cyprus Expedition under E. Gjersted, continued independently in the 1930s
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Jesus
JESUS ἸησοῦςI. Iēsous is the Greek form of the Hebrew personal name yĕhōšūʿa stamped after its postexilic variant yēšūʿa. The votive name means “Yahweh is help (salvation)” as rightly interpreted by Philo, Mut. 121. It is derived from the root yšʿ, frequent in other Hebrew and Semitic personal
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