Peter the Apostle (Πέτρος, Petros). An apostle of Jesus Christ and one of the three named pillars of the early church in Jerusalem. Peter was the first Christian missionary to the Gentiles, a Christian missionary to the Jews, and a Christian martyr in Rome. Also called Cephas.
JOPPA (PLACE) [Heb yāpô (יָפֹו)]. A town on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea mentioned in connection with the original tribal territory of Dan (Josh 19:46). When Solomon built the Jerusalem temple—and again when the temple was rebuilt in the postexilic period—timbers from Lebanon were shipped to
SIMEON (PERSON) [Heb šimʿôn (שִׁמְעֹון)]. SIMEONITE. 1. The second son of Leah and Jacob and the full brother of Reuben, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah. Simeon is also the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory is found within the S limits of Judah. The etymology is obscure, but
SIMON (PERSON) [Gk Simōn (Σιμων)]. The name of a number of persons mentioned both in the Apocryphal literature of the OT as well as in the NT.1. Simon Chosamaeus (Gk Chosamaios), who provided a list of those who were found to have married foreign wives (1 Esdr 9:32; cf. Shimeon in Ezra 10:31).2. Simon
Joppa. City about 35 miles northwest of Jerusalem that served as Jerusalem’s seaport. Joppa was built on a rocky hill about 116 feet high, with a cape projecting beyond the coastline into the sea, and was the only natural harbor on the Mediterranean coast between Egypt and the OT town of Acco. Some 300
Peter, The Apostle. One of Jesus’ 12 disciples who rose to preeminence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards. There are actually four forms of his name in the NT: the Hebrew/Greek Simeon/Simon and the Aramaic/Greek Cephas/Petros. His given name was Simon bar-Jonah
Joppajopʹə [Heb. yāp̱ô, yāp̱ôʾ—‘beautify, beautiful’; Akk. Ia-pu (AmTab 138:85; 294:20; 296:33), Ia-a-pu (AmTab 138:6), etc.; Egyp Ya-pu (e.g., list of Thutmose III, no 62 [ANET, p 242]); Phoen ypy; Gk. Ioppē]; AV also JAPHO (Josh. 19:46). The ancient name is preserved in Arab Yafa, modern Jaffa,
Peter [Gk. Petros, for Kēphas < Aram kêp̱āʾ]. A disciple of Jesus and apostle of the early Church.The NT literature gives prominent place to Peter, whose life and ministry fall conveniently into the three categories indicated by O. Cullmann’s comprehensive study, Peter: Disciple-Apostle-Martyr.
JOPPA City about 35 miles (56.3 kilometers) northwest of Jerusalem that served as Jerusalem’s seaport. Joppa was built on a rocky hill about 116 feet (35.4 meters) high, with a cape projecting beyond the coastline into the sea, and was the only natural harbor on the Mediterranean coast between Egypt
PETER, THE APOSTLE One of the 12 disciples; rose to prominence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards.There are actually four forms of Peter’s name in the New Testament: the Hebrew translated into Greek, “Simeon” to “Simon,” and the Aramaic translated into
Joppa (jop´uh; Heb., “beauty”), an important harbor in the ancient Near East. Today it is a suburb of modern Tel Aviv. According to the Bible, this city was allotted to the tribe of Dan (Josh. 19:46). It was also the port through which the cedars of Lebanon came for the construction of both the first
Peterpeter was a galilean and one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. His given name was Simon, but Jesus bestowed upon him the nickname “Peter” (GK., “rock”; Matt. 10:2; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:14). He is sometimes referred to as Cephas, the Aramaic version of that name, which Jesus would no doubt have actually
Simeon (sim´ee-uhn; Heb., “to hear”).1 The second son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. 29:33). Simeon and his brother Levi massacred the men of Shechem to avenge the rape of their sister, Dinah (Gen. 34, recalled in Jth. 9:1–4). Simeon was later held hostage in Egypt when Joseph sent the other brothers back
Simon (si´muhn).1 Simon Maccabeus, the son of Mattathias Hashmon and ruler of Judea 142–134 bce. Following in the tradition of his brothers Judas Maccabeus and Jonathan, he led the Jewish forces against the Seleucids and won independence for Judea, establishing the Hasmonean dynasty, which would endure
JOPPA. The modern Jaffa, it was the only seaport on the coast of Palestine between Haifa and Egypt, and is now the southern section of Tel Aviv. It is mentioned in the Tell el-Amarna letters. It was assigned to the tribe of Dan in the division of the land after the conquest of Joshua (Josh 19:46), though
PETER. One of the earliest and most prominent disciples of Jesus. Several names are given him: the Heb. name Simeon (Acts 15:14) and Gr. Simon, after a son of Jacob whose descendants became one of the tribes of Israel; Cephas (Jn 1:43) and Peter, both meaning “rock.” SeeSimeon; Simon; Cephas.Origin
TABITHA. An Aramaic word which Luke, the writer of Acts, rendered “Dorcas” in the Gr. (Acts 9:36). He did this apparently for the benefit of his readers. The name means “gazelle,” a feminine name of endearment among both Jews and Greeks, and thus an appropriate name for the woman whom Peter raised from
JOPPA. The ancient seaport, now part of Tel Aviv-Jaffa (Heb. yāf̄ ō), was the only major harbour between Acco (Haifa) and the Egypt, border (see also *Dor, *Caesarea). It served Jerusalem 50 km away. Tuthmosis III captured it by stratagem in the 15th century bc, and after the entry of the Israelites
Joppa (Heb. yāp̱ô)A city (also Jaffa, Heb. Yafo; 126162) adjoining Tel Aviv and built on a promontory jutting into the Mediterranean, with a natural harbor below protected by several rocky outcrops. Joppa is first mentioned in a 15th-century b.c.e. inscription of Thutmose III (cf. also the Harris
Peter (Gk. Pétros)Simon bar Jonah, nicknamed Cephas or Peter (Aramaic and Greek for “rock”) by Jesus. Since Simon was a common Jewish name and a number of others are mentioned in the Gospels and Acts, the nickname became the common designation for the man, although the Gospels report Jesus often calling
Simeon (Heb. šimʿôn)1. The second son of Jacob (Gen. 35:23); the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory was within the southern limits of Judah (Josh. 19:1–9). Simeon and his brother Levi exacted treacherous and violent revenge for the rape of their sister Dinah by a local prince called Shechem
Simon (Gk. Sɩ́mon; Heb. šimʿôn)1. Simon, surnamed the Just (Gk. dikaios, also meaning “righteous”), who according to Josephus (Ant. 12.43) succeeded his father Onias in the high priesthood. This places him within the period of Ptolemy I’s rule over Judea (301–282 b.c.e.). A scholion to Megillat Taʿanit
Symeon (Gk. Symên)1. A prophet and teacher in the church at Antioch who was surnamed Niger and may have been, therefore, black (Lat. niger;Acts 13:1 RSV; NRSV “Simeon” ).2. Another name for Simon Peter (Acts 15:14; 2 Pet. 1:1 RSV).
Joppa [jŏpˊə] (Heb. yāpô, yāp̱ô˒ “beautiful”; Gk. Ioppē).† A coastal city on the border of the original territory of Dan (Josh. 19:46; KJV “Japho”), 56 km. (35 mi.) northwest of Jerusalem; modern Jaffa or Yafo. The name is attested in the list of Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose III (Egyp.
JOPPA A city in the territory of Dan, on the coast of the Mediterranean (Josh. 19:46), conquered by the Philistines and not included in Israelite territory. Solomon brought timber to Joppa from the Lebanon for building his Temple (2 Chr. 2:16) and cedar wood was also brought to the ‘sea of Joppa’ in
PeterPaul never refers to the apostle Peter by his original name of Simon (Simōn, as frequently in the Gospels) or Simeon (Symeōn, as in Acts 15:14 and the preferred text of 2 Pet 1:1). Only twice (Gal 2:7, 8) does he use the name Peter (Petros, or “Rock”) given to Simon by Jesus (Mt 16:17–18; Mk