Natural or national disasters (war, forced tribute, etc.) that affect the interactions of people and disrupt normal life.
Key passages
Job 1:16

While this one was still speaking, another came and said, “The fire of God fell from the heavens, and it blazed up against the sheep and goats and against the servants, and it consumed them. But I escaped, even I alone, to tell you.”

Job 1:18–19

At the time this one was speaking, another came and said, “Your sons and your daughters were eating and drinking wine in their firstborn brother’s house. And behold, a great wind came from across the desert, and it struck the four corners of the house so that it fell upon the young people, …

Lk 21:11

There will be great earthquakes and famines and plagues in various places. There will be terrible sights and great signs from heaven.

Re 8:7–12

And the first blew the trumpet, and there was hail and fire mixed with blood, and it was thrown to the earth, and a third of the earth was burned up, and a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up. And the second angel blew the trumpet, and something like a great …