Physical incapacities resulting from physical or spiritual causes.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
disabilityIn medicine, a patient’s inability to perform an activity because of some physical or mental disorder is called disability. Disabilities can range from relatively minor to crippling. They may be temporary (such as a broken leg) or permanent, correctable or not, congenital (meaning present
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Disability. The World Health Organization estimates that up to 20 percent of the world’s population lives with some kind of physical or mental impairment. The range and types of impairing conditions defy classification: from congenital (e.g., from mild to profound Down syndrome) to later onset (due to
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
DISABILITY [מוּםkheresh, מְצֹרָהmum, פִּסֵּחַmetsorah, חֵרֵשׁpisseakh, תֹּךְtokh]. An impairment or blemish. Disabilities in the Bible are divided into two major categories: 1) those that touch on the sacrifices made in the Tabernacle and Temple and 2) those that concern people in non-holy situations.
Key passages
Le 19:14

You shall not curse the deaf, and you shall not put a stumbling block before a blind person, but you shall revere your God; I am Yahweh.

1 Sa 1:1–7

There was a certain man from Ramathaim Zophim, from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. He had two wives; the name of the first was Hannah, and the name of the second …

Mt 15:29–31

And departing from there, Jesus went along the Sea of Galilee, and he went up on the mountain and was sitting there. And large crowds came to him, having with them the mute, blind, lame, crippled, and many others, and they put them down at his feet, and he healed …

Jn 5:1–9

After these things there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate a pool called in Aramaic Bethzatha, which has five porticoes. In these were lying a large number of those who were sick, blind, lame, paralyzed. …

Jn 9:1–7

And as he went away, he saw a man blind from birth. And his disciples asked him, saying, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he should be born blind?” Jesus replied, “Neither this man sinned nor his parents, but it happened so that the works of …

See also