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Descent to the Underworld
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An ancient Near Eastern literary motif in which a god or hero journeys into the realm of the dead in hopes of returning successfully to the realm of the living. Christian tradition utilized this motif to interpret the resurrection of Jesus as a victory over the Underworld and death itself.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Descent into the Underworld
Descent into the Underworld An ancient Near Eastern literary motif in which a god or hero journeys into the realm of the dead in hopes of returning successfully to the realm of the living. Christian tradition utilized this motif to interpret the resurrection of Jesus as a victory over the Underworld
Descent into the Underworld, Critical Issues
Descent into the Underworld, Critical Issues An ancient Near Eastern literary theme in which a god or mythic hero journeys into the Underworld, or the realm of the dead, in the hope of achieving a goal and then returning to the realm of the living.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Descent to the Underworld
DESCENT TO THE UNDERWORLD. In the ancient world, as in many other cultures, the realm of the dead was usually located in the underworld (Hades, Sheol, sometimes Gehenna) and a descent to the underworld was simply a way of visiting the dead. However, occasionally the dead were also located in other areas.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Descent into Hell (Hades)
Descent into Hell (Hades) This is not a directly biblical concept but rests on the clause in the Apostles’ Creed that Christ descended into hell (Hades). Even in the creed the clause did not occur in the earliest versions, e.g., the Old Roman Symbol. By the early 5th cent., however, it had a place in
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Descent into Hell
DESCENT INTO HELL* Reference to a controversial statement about Christ in the Apostles’ Creed. Speaking of Christ, the creed affirms that he “suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose from the dead.” Interpretation of “he descended into
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Descent Into Hades
DESCENT INTO HADES. Although the doctrine of the descent of Christ into hell is firmly embedded in the early Christian creeds (it first appears in 4th-century Arian formularies), its place in Scripture is in fact circumferential. It receives explicit mention possibly twice (1 Pet. 3:19; 4:6), and is
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Descent into Hell
Descent into HellA widely held belief in the early Church, and later an article of the Apostles’ Creed, that between his crucifixion and resurrection Jesus descended into the underworld (Hades) either to proclaim victory, to release OT saints, or to proclaim the gospel. Such beliefs and their later
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Descent into Hell
Descent into Hell. The relegation of Jesus (or his soul) to the abode of the dead (Hades) following his death on the cross. This belief is not directly biblical but stems rather from the early Church; although absent in the second-century A.D. Old Roman Creed, it appears to have been known by such second
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Descent into Hell
DESCENT INTO HELL An article of the Apostles’ Creed declares that between his Crucifixion and Resurrection Jesus descended to the realm of the dead (Greek Hadēs, the underworld). The purpose of the descent was to bring salvation to the righteous dead who lived before his coming and to usher them into
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Descent of Christ into Hell, the
Descent of Christ into Hell, the. This belief is based on such biblical passages as Mt. 27:52 f., Lk. 23:43, and 1 Pet. 3:18–20, though various opinions have been held as to their exact meaning. Some have thought that the descent into hell refers to the victory over the powers of evil, others have connected
Harrowing of Hell
Harrowing of Hell. The medieval English term for the defeat of the powers of evil at the *Descent of Christ into Hell after His death. It was a favourite theme of art and drama in the Middle Ages.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Descent Into Hades
DESCENT INTO HADES — Traditionally, Christ’s journey to the place of the dead on our behalf following His crucifixion. Some interpreters see this descent in Paul’s reference to “lower parts of the earth” (Eph. 4:9). Both Peter (Acts 2:27) and Paul (Acts 13:35) quote Psalm 16:10, declaring that Jesus
The Lutheran Cyclopedia
Descent into Hell
Descent into Hell. This phrase, so well known in theological literature, is taken directly from the Apostles’ Creed. The place the article holds in that symbol is significant: He (Christ) “was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell: the third day he rose again from the dead.” After he was
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
Descent into Hell
Descent into HellThis article did not originate from the earliest creeds, but became a substantial component of the later Apostles’ Creed. It was inserted only in the fourth century. It is possible that its popular understanding today is the opposite of the original intention behind its inclusion. Jesus