Degradation • Depravity • Incorrigible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Depraved [Heb. ’ālaḥ] (Ps. 53:3 [MT 4]); AV FILTHY; NEB “rotten to the core”; cf. use in Ps. 14:3; Job 15:16; [Gk. diaphtheírō] (1 Tim. 6:5); AV CORRUPT; NEB ATROPHIED. A corruption of man’s nature that accompanies (1) the denial of God’s existence, the failure to seek God, and the complete absence
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
total depravity
total depravity. A term in common use esp. in *Calvinism to express the extreme wretchedness of man’s condition as the result of the *Fall. It emphasizes the belief that this result was not a mere loss or deprivation of a supernatural endowment possessed by unfallen man, but a radical corruption or depravation
A Catholic Dictionary
degradation. Degradation is of two kinds, verbal and real. By the first a criminous cleric is declared to be perpetually deposed from clerical orders, or from the execution thereof, so as to be deprived of all order and function—e.g. the sacerdotal or episcopal—and of any benefice which he might have
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
DepravityDepravity denotes humankind under the power of sin. Reformed theology often uses the term “total depravity,” but today it is popularly misunderstood. The term does not suggest that all humans are totally evil, but that there is nothing in humankind that has not been marred or infected by the
Pocket Dictionary of the Reformed Tradition
Total Depravity
total depravity. The first tenet of *TULIP, emphasizing the totality of humanity’s broken relationship with God and consequent compromised relationship with the rest of creation. A result of *original sin, total depravity reminds us that every person is born with his or her entire nature corrupted by
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
Total Depravity
total depravity. A theological teaching, generally linked to *Augustine and especially the followers of Calvin, that the condition of *sin has rendered humankind so helpless that no one is able to obtain salvation through personal effort. The doctrine declares as well that the effects of the fall extend
Dictionary of Theological Terms
DepravityBy the fall,* man became guilty (liable to punishment) and polluted (without original righteousness, having a positively evil bent). This pollution is usually considered under the headings Total Depravity and Total Inability.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
depravity. Scripture uniformly traces voluntary transgression to its root cause in sinful human nature (cf. Prov. 4:23; Mk. 7:20–23). In biblical history man’s depravity assumes particular prominence in the antediluvian period (Gen. 6:5). The depravity of humanity is characterized by potency (“great
The Jonathan Edwards Encyclopedia
DepravityThe phrase “total depravity” appears to have been first used by the Lutheran Matthias Flacius Illyricus (1520–1575). The phrase suited him, for his description of the depravity of humankind is unequaled for intensity in the history of Christian doctrine. Flacius was nearly a dualist, and his
Key passages
Ge 6:5

And Yahweh saw that the evil of humankind was great upon the earth, and every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was always only evil.

Ps 14:1–4

The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt. They do abominable deeds. There is none who does good. Yahweh looks down from heaven upon the children of humankind to see whether there is one who has insight, one who cares about God. All have gone astray; they are altogether …

Ps 51:5

Behold, in iniquity I was born, and in sin my mother conceived me.

Je 17:9

The heart is deceitful more than anything else, and it is disastrous. Who can understand it?

See also
Topics & Themes