The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Demon (δαιμόνιον, daimonion). A supernatural being: a spirit, a divine force, a semi-divine being, an evil spirit, or a malevolent force.
Demon, Critical Issues
Demon, Critical Issues Overviews Old Testament and New Testament terminology for demons, the development of the concept of demons, and iconography related to demons.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
DEMONS. This entry consists of two articles: one treats the subject of demons as attested in the Hebrew Bible, and the other treats the subject of demons and exorcism as attested in the NT.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Demon Possession
Demon, Demon Possession. Demons are fallen angels, divinely created supernatural beings who, under the leadership of Lucifer (Satan), rebelled against God. Demonism is the activity of demons, while demonology is the study of demons and their activity, for the purpose of knowing the tactics of the enemy
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
DEMON Fallen angel who, under the leadership of Satan, rebelled against God. Demonism is the activity of demons, while demonology is the study of demons and their activity for the purpose of knowing the tactics of the enemy (2 Cor 2:11) in order to properly exercise authority over them (Lk 10:19).Who
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
demon, the English transliteration of a Greek term (daimōn) originally referring to any one of numerous, vaguely defined spirit beings, either good or bad. In the nt the term is reserved for evil spirits who are opposed to God and God’s people. Furthermore, in the nt, the expressions “demon,” “unclean
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Familiar Spirit
FAMILIAR SPIRIT. An expression occurring 16 times in the KJV, referring to a spirit of divination or to its medium or conjurer, translating Heb. ’ôb. This term is related to similar words in Sumerian, Hittite, Akkadian, and Ugaritic, all probably coming from a common source. Originally it meant the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
DemonIn classical Greek a god or a small divinity (Gk. daɩ́mōn). In later Greek thought, demons were conceived as intermediary spiritual beings which might move either up or down (i.e., they may be either good or bad). Because of this inconsistent nature, demons became a convenient explanation for bad
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Demon. A spirit with minor powers. In the Old Testament the RSV renders only Heb. *śēḏ as “demon” (Deut. 31:17; Ps. 106:37 [cf. NIV]; KJV “devil” [LXX Gk. daimónion]); this word points to a protective deity (cf. Akk. šêdu, a large bull image at the entrance of Assyrian temples
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
DEMON Δαίμων, ΔαιμόνιονI. The term ‘demon’ is the rendering of the cognate Greek words δαίμων and its substantivized neuter adjective δαιμόνιον; post-classical Latin borrowed the words in the forms daemon and daemonium. The original meaning of the term δαίμων from the time of Homer onward was ‘divinity’,
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Demon, Devil, Satan
Demon, devil, satanFor Jesus and the Gospel writers the Devil, or Satan, is the chief enemy of Jesus and the establishing of the kingdom of God*. In his ministry, especially in his exorcisms, Jesus engages in the first stage of the defeat of Satan in casting out his evil minions. Jesus’ complete defeat
Key passages
Ps 106:37–38

They even sacrificed their sons and daughters to the demons, and they poured out innocent blood, the blood of their sons and daughters, whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan, and so the land was defiled with the blood.

Mt 8:28–31

And when he came to the other side, to the region of the Gadarenes, two demon-possessed men coming from among the tombs met him, very violent, so that no one was able to pass by along that road. And behold, they cried out, saying, “What do you have to do with …

Mk 3:22

And the scribes who had come down from Jerusalem were saying, “He is possessed by Beelzebul!” and “By the ruler of the demons he expels the demons!”

1 Co 10:19–21

Therefore, what am I saying? That food sacrificed to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything? No, but that the things which they sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons and not to God, and I do not want you to become sharers with demons. You are not able to drink the cup of the Lord and the …

See also