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Demetrius II Nicator
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Son of Demetrius I Soter. King of the Seleucid Empire from approximately 147–140 bc and again from 129–125 bc. Demetrius II arrived in Syria in 147 bc to retake the throne from Alexander Balas, who had overthrown Demetrius I around 150 bc (1 Maccabees 10:67–69). Alexander’s loyal ally, Jonathan Maccabeus, initially thwarted Demetrius’ attempts to regain power (1 Maccabees 10:70–89). With the aid of Ptolemy Philometer, Demetrius eventually defeated Alexander and made peace with Jonathan (1 Maccabees 11:1–37). The peace did not last since Demetrius did not keep his promises to the Jews (1 Maccabees 11:52–53). Jonathan allied with Trypho against Demetrius (1 Maccabees 11:54–57), but when Trypho betrayed and murdered Jonathan (1 Maccabees 12:39–53), Simon, Jonathan’s brother and the new leader of the Jews (1 Maccabees 13:1–11), joined forces with Demetrius to defeat Trypho (1 Maccabees 13:31–42). Around 140 bc, Demetrius entered Parthia to seek their help against Trypho, but he was imprisoned by Arsaces (1 Maccabees 14:1–3). While Demetrius was imprisoned in Parthia, his brother Antiochus Sidetes was the Seleucid king. According to Josephus, Arsaces released Demetrius when Antiochus invaded Parthia (Antiquities 13.253). The Parthians defeated Antiochus, who died in battle, so Demetrius regained the throne. He later died after a battle with the army of Ptolemy Physcon (Josephus, Antiquities 13.267–68).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Demetrius II Nicator
Demetrius II Nicator Son of Demetrius I Soter. King of the Seleucid Empire from approximately 147–140 bc and again from 129–125 bc. Demetrius II arrived in Syria in 147 bc to retake the throne from Alexander Balas, who had overthrown Demetrius I around 150 bc (1 Maccabees 10:67–69). Alexander’s loyal
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Demetrius (Person)
DEMETRIUS (PERSON) [Gk Demetrios (Δεμετριος)]. 1. Demetrius Poliorcetes (336–283 b.c.e.) “the Besieger,” king of Macedon (293–288 b.c.e.). His father Antigonus, who was one of the Diodochi, had been satrap of Phrygia and was able to extend his power all the way to Media, so Demetrius saw himself as inheritor
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Demetrius
Demetrius. Name (“son of Demeter”) of five persons in biblical times: three Syrian kings and two NT figures.1. Successor to Antiochus V Eupator. Demetrius I was king (160–151 bc) when the Jewish uprising led by Judas Maccabeus was under way. He attempted several unsuccessful campaigns against the Jews
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Demetrius II Nicator
2. Demetrius II Nicator (“victor”) (161–125 b.c.), son of Demetrius I.Because of the threat posed by Alexander Balas, Demetrius II was sent for safety by his father to Cnidus, a harbor on Cape Krio, the southwestern tip of Asia Minor adjacent to Rhodes and Cos (Justin xxxv.2). When Alexander Balas’
Demetrius
Demetrius də-mēʹ-trē-əs [Gk. Dēmetrios—‘belonging to Demeter’]. A common Greek name used of three Seleucid kings of Syria.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Demetrius
DEMETRIUS Name (“Son of Demeter”) of five persons in biblical times: three Syrian kings and two NT figures.1. Successor to Antiochus V Eupator. Demetrius I was king (160–151 bc) when the Jewish uprising led by Judas Maccabeus was under way. He attempted several unsuccessful campaigns against the Jews
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Demetrius
Demetrius (di-mee´tree-uhs).1 Demetrius I Soter, the son of Seleucus and king of Syria (162–150 bce). Raised as a hostage in Rome, he escaped, came to Phoenicia, killed Antiochus V, and established himself as king. He attempted to appease the Hasideans in ways that would undercut the independence movement
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Demetrius
DEMETRIUS. At least five persons bore this name in biblical times.1. Demetrius I, successor to Antiochus Epiphanes (162 b.c.), known for his intrigues, guile, and cruelty. In general he practiced repressive measures toward Jews in Palestine (1 Macc 10:1–21).2. Demetrius II, son of Demetrius I, who
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Demetrius
DEMETRIUS was a common Gk. name, and two people bearing it are mentioned in the NT.1. A Christian whose witness is commended in 3 Jn. 12.2. The silversmith of Ephesus, who stirred up a riot against Paul (Acts 19:24, 38).Conjectures have been made identifying the two (J. V. Bartlet, JTS 6, 1905, pp.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Demetrius
Demetrius (Gk. Dēmḗtrios)1. Demetrius Poliorcetes (338–283 b.c.e.), king of Macedonia and son of Antigonus I. He twice attempted to restore Alexander’s empire to a single ruler. In 307 he began to free Greece from Cassander’s control by seizing Athens. The next year he took Cyprus and seaports of
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Demetrius
Demetrius [dĭ mēˊtrĭ əs] (Gk. Dēmētrios “follower of [the goddess] Demeter”).†
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Demetrius
DEMETRIUS The name of two men in the New Testament.1. A silversmith in Ephesus who earned his living by making small silver models of the temple of Artemis at Ephesus (Acts 19:24). As his trade was threatened by the preaching of Paul, who was converting the people to Christianity, he instigated a riot
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Demetrius
Deme´trius (belonging to Ceres).1. A maker of silver shrines of Artemis at Ephesus. Acts 19:24 (about a.d. 52). These were small models of the great temple of the Ephesian Artemis, with her statue, which it was customary to carry on journeys, and place on houses as charms.2. A disciple, 3 John 12,
See also
Relatives
Demetrius Father
Ptolemy Father-In-Law
Antiochus Brother
Cleopatra Wife
Seleucus Grandfather
Lasthenes Relative
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